Ammonia Emissions from Twelve U.S. Broiler Chicken Houses

dc.contributor.author Wheeler, Eileen
dc.contributor.author Casey, Kenneth
dc.contributor.author Gates, Richard
dc.contributor.author Xin, Hongwei
dc.contributor.author Zajaczkowski, Jennifer
dc.contributor.author Topper, Patrick
dc.contributor.author Liang, Yi
dc.contributor.author Pescatore, Anthony
dc.contributor.department Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering
dc.date 2018-02-13T04:11:46.000
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-29T22:37:31Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-29T22:37:31Z
dc.date.copyright Sun Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2006
dc.date.embargo 2012-12-13
dc.date.issued 2006-01-01
dc.description.abstract <p>Twelve commercial broiler houses in the U.S. were each monitored for at least thirteen 48 h periods over the course of one year to obtain ammonia emission data. Paired repetition of houses on four farms represents current construction with variety in litter management (built-up or new litter each flock) and climate conditions (cold or mixed-humid). Ammonia concentration was determined using portable electrochemical sensors incorporating a fresh air purge cycle. Ventilation rate was determined via in-situ measurement of fan capacity, fan on-off times, and house static pressure difference. There were seasonal trends in exhaust ammonia concentration (highest in cold weather) and ventilation rates (highest in warm weather) but not for emission rate. Flocks with at least three monitoring periods (13 of 22 flocks) demonstrated similar emission rates at a given bird age among the four study farms and across the seasons. An analysis of emissions from all houses on the three farms using built-up litter resulted in predicted regression slopes of 0.028, 0.034, and 0.038 g NH3 bird-1 d-1 per day of age; the fourth farm, managed with new litter, had the lowest emission rate at 0.024 g NH3 bird-1 d-1. The intercept of these composite relationships was influenced by litter conditions, with flocks on new litter having essentially no emissions for about six days while built-up litter flocks had emissions starting at flock placement. Data from all four farms and all flocks provided a regression slope of 0.031(±0.001 std error) g NH3 bird-1 d-1 per day of age. Emission rate per animal unit for built-up litter flocks indicated very high emissions for the youngest birds (under 14 days of age), after which time the emissions decreased exponentially and were then relatively steady for the balance of the flock cycle.</p>
dc.description.comments <p>This article is from <em><a href="http://elibrary.asabe.org/abstract.asp?aid=22042&t=3&dabs=Y&redir=&redirType=" target="_blank">Transactions of the ASAE</a> </em>49, no. 5 (2006): 1495–1512.</p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/abe_eng_pubs/151/
dc.identifier.articleid 1148
dc.identifier.contextkey 3535487
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath abe_eng_pubs/151
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/887
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/abe_eng_pubs/151/Xin_2006_AmmoniaEmissionsTwelve.pdf|||Fri Jan 14 20:35:36 UTC 2022
dc.subject.disciplines Agriculture
dc.subject.disciplines Bioresource and Agricultural Engineering
dc.subject.keywords Ammonia emissions
dc.subject.keywords Broiler houses
dc.subject.keywords Electrochemical sensor
dc.subject.keywords Litter treatment
dc.subject.keywords NH3 concentration
dc.subject.keywords Poultry
dc.subject.keywords Seasonal variation
dc.subject.keywords Ventilation rate
dc.title Ammonia Emissions from Twelve U.S. Broiler Chicken Houses
dc.type article
dc.type.genre article
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isAuthorOfPublication a61fa792-56f2-4397-8a9c-8cbde8d5c3f1
relation.isAuthorOfPublication 36e0a8ce-fa2e-4df4-9f67-8d1717122650
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication 8eb24241-0d92-4baf-ae75-08f716d30801
File
Original bundle
Now showing 1 - 1 of 1
No Thumbnail Available
Name:
Xin_2006_AmmoniaEmissionsTwelve.pdf
Size:
971.64 KB
Format:
Adobe Portable Document Format
Description:
Collections