Emerging Avenues for Utilization of Exotic Germplasm
Breeders have been successful in increasing crop performance by exploiting genetic diversity over time. However, the reported annual yield increases are not sufficient in view of rapid human population growth and global environmental changes. Exotic germplasm possesses high levels of genetic diversity for valuable traits. However, only a small fraction of naturally occurring genetic diversity is utilized. Moreover, the yield gap between elite and exotic germplasm widens, which increases the effort needed to use exotic germplasm and to identify beneficial alleles and for their introgression. The advent of high-throughput genotyping and phenotyping technologies together with emerging biotechnologies provide new opportunities to explore exotic genetic variation. This review will summarize potential challenges for utilization of exotic germplasm and provide solutions.
This article is published as Wang, Cuiling, Songlin Hu, Candice Gardner, and Thomas Lübberstedt. "Emerging Avenues for Utilization of Exotic Germplasm." Trends in Plant Science (2017). 10.1016/j.tplants.2017.04.002. Posted with permission.