Upper Midwest Climate Variations: Farmer Responses to Excess Water Risks

dc.contributor.author Wright Morton, Lois
dc.contributor.author Hobbs, Jonathan
dc.contributor.author Arbuckle, J. Gordon
dc.contributor.author Arbuckle, J. Gordon
dc.contributor.author Loy, Adam
dc.contributor.department Sociology
dc.date 2019-09-21T15:09:36.000
dc.date.accessioned 2020-07-02T06:50:28Z
dc.date.available 2020-07-02T06:50:28Z
dc.date.copyright Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2015
dc.date.issued 2015-03-13
dc.description.abstract <p>Persistent above average precipitation and runoff and associated increased sediment transfers from cultivated ecosystems to rivers and oceans are due to changes in climate and human action. The US Upper Midwest has experienced a 37% increase in precipitation (1958–2012), leading to increased crop damage from excess water and off-farm loss of soil and nutrients. Farmer adaptive management responses to changing weather patterns have potential to reduce crop losses and address degrading soil and water resources. This research used farmer survey (<em>n</em> = 4778) and climate data (1971–2011) to model influences of geophysical context, past weather, on-farm flood and saturated soils experiences, and risk and vulnerability perceptions on management practices. Seasonal precipitation varied across six Upper Midwest subregions and was significantly associated with variations in management. Increased warm-season precipitation (2007–2011) relative to the past 40 yr was positively associated with no-till, drainage, and increased planting on highly erodible land (HEL). Experience with saturated soils was significantly associated with increased use of drainage and less use of no-till, cover crops, and planting on HEL. Farmers in counties with a higher percentage of soils considered marginal for row crops were more likely to use no-till, cover crops, and plant on HEL. Respondents who sell corn through multiple markets were more likely to have planted cover crops and planted on HEL in 2011.This suggests that regional climate conditions may not well represent individual farmers’ actual and perceived experiences with changing climate conditions. Accurate climate information downscaled to localized conditions has potential to influence specific adaptation strategies.</p>
dc.description.comments <p>This article is published as Morton, Lois Wright, Jonathan Hobbs, J. Gordon Arbuckle, and Adam Loy. "Upper Midwest climate variations: Farmer responses to excess water risks." <em>Journal of environmental quality</em> 44, no. 3 (2015): 810-822. doi: <a href="http://dx.doi.org/10.2134/jeq2014.08.0352" target="_blank">10.2134/jeq2014.08.0352</a>. Posted with permission.</p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/soc_las_pubs/43/
dc.identifier.articleid 1042
dc.identifier.contextkey 15253052
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath soc_las_pubs/43
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/89260
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/soc_las_pubs/43/0-OA_statement_for_UpperMidwest.pdf|||Sat Jan 15 00:15:21 UTC 2022
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/soc_las_pubs/43/2015_Abuckle_UpperMidwest.pdf|||Sat Jan 15 00:15:23 UTC 2022
dc.source.uri 10.2134/jeq2014.08.0352
dc.subject.disciplines Agriculture
dc.subject.disciplines Climate
dc.subject.disciplines Natural Resources and Conservation
dc.subject.disciplines Rural Sociology
dc.subject.disciplines Water Resource Management
dc.title Upper Midwest Climate Variations: Farmer Responses to Excess Water Risks
dc.type article
dc.type.genre article
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isAuthorOfPublication 74cafb20-bc7c-4324-9e2d-2bc9f4f4a029
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication 84d83d09-42ff-424d-80f2-a35244368443
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