Research Notes : Brazil : Varietal differences in soybeans for resistance to physical damage of seed
Introduction: Production of quality soybean seed is frequently problematic in the tropics (Jalani et al., 1982; Khaleque, 1982; Mercer-Quarshie and Nsowah, 1975; Ndimande et al., 1981; Paschal and Ellis, 1978). In general, loss of seed vigor is associated with seed deterioration in the field prior to harvest (Ellis and Sinclair, 1976; Green and Finnel, 1968; Ndimande et al., 1981; Paschal and Ellis, 1978; Potts et al., 1978) and with deterioration in storage (Kueneman, 1982; Minor and Paschal, 1982; Ndimande et al., 1981; Tongdee, 1982; Wien and Kueneman, 1981); seed deterioration is accelerated by hot, humid environments. While there is considerable scope for development of genotypes less prone to deterioration (Dassou and Kueneman, 1984; Kueneman, 1982, 1983; Paschal and Ellis, 1978; Wien and Kueneman, 1981), it is generally recommended that soybeans grown for seed should be sown such that they mature under dry environmental conditions. Often in the tropics, seed production must take place in the dry off-season under irrigation, which increases costs of production.