American presidents, their personal and psychological characteristics, and their uses of military force

dc.contributor.advisor Mark D. Nieman
dc.contributor.author Lichtenberg, Brendan
dc.contributor.department Political Science
dc.date 2018-08-11T13:39:22.000
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-30T03:03:14Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-30T03:03:14Z
dc.date.copyright Sun Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2017
dc.date.embargo 2001-01-01
dc.date.issued 2017-01-01
dc.description.abstract <p>The decision by American Presidents to use military force is a decision that is not taken lightly nor whimsically. This study attempted to determine whether any personal or psychological characteristics influence the President’s decision to use military force or to refrain from using military force. While other factors could influence the President’s decision, I believed that individual factors including personal and psychological characteristics would be able to most effectively explain the use of military force. Uses of military force were collected from a Congressional Research Service report listing all uses of military force from 1798 to 2015. The uses of force by each President were then cross-tabulated with the individual factors I was investigating. Based on the previous findings by Michael C. Horowitz, Allan C. Stam, and Cali M. Ellis that showed correlation between a leader’s personal experiences and the use of military force, I hypothesized that there would be similar findings among American Presidents. The results show that individual factors and personal characteristics may give little indication or its effects are overstated as to whether a President is more prone to use military force or less prone to use military force. Many of the results contradict existing literature, but due to the small sample size of American presidencies the results may not be truly representative. At best, it can be inferred that American Presidents aren’t as significantly affected by individual factors and personal characteristics compared to other world leaders and that other factors of explanation hold equal importance. Future research areas that may merit investigation include Presidential verbal syntax and operational coding.</p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/etd/15347/
dc.identifier.articleid 6354
dc.identifier.contextkey 11051281
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.31274/etd-180810-4975
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath etd/15347
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/29530
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/etd/15347/Lichtenberg_iastate_0097M_16050.pdf|||Fri Jan 14 20:39:38 UTC 2022
dc.subject.disciplines Political Science
dc.subject.keywords Use of Military Force
dc.subject.keywords US Presidents
dc.subject.keywords War Powers
dc.title American presidents, their personal and psychological characteristics, and their uses of military force
dc.type article
dc.type.genre thesis
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication a4a018a7-4afa-4663-ba11-f2828cbd0a15
thesis.degree.discipline Political Science
thesis.degree.level thesis
thesis.degree.name Master of Arts
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