Simulations of Water and Thermal Dynamics for Soil Surfaces With Residue Mulch and Surface Runoff

dc.contributor.author Wang, Zhuangji
dc.contributor.author Thapa, Resham
dc.contributor.author Timlin, Dennis
dc.contributor.author Li, Sanai
dc.contributor.author Sun, Wenguang
dc.contributor.author Beegum, Sahila
dc.contributor.author Fleisher, David
dc.contributor.author Mirsky, Steven
dc.contributor.author Cabrera, Miguel
dc.contributor.author Sauer, Thomas
dc.contributor.author Reddy, Vangimalla R.
dc.contributor.author Horton, Robert
dc.contributor.author Tully, Katherine
dc.contributor.department Agronomy
dc.date.accessioned 2021-12-09T15:36:23Z
dc.date.available 2021-12-09T15:36:23Z
dc.date.issued 2021-11
dc.description.abstract Water and thermal dynamics at soil surfaces are influenced by multiple ambient factors, for example, weather, soil, residue mulch, and surface runoff. A surface water and temperature model should address those ambient factors, and their interactions and derivatives. In this study, we developed a process-based simulation model for surface water and heat transfer with two main ambient factors, residue mulch and surface runoff. Surface water content and temperature are simulated with a modified Philip and de Vries (1957) model, including precipitation interception and radiation attenuation in residue mulch. Surface runoff is modeled with the Saint-Venant equation. Residue decomposition, as a derivative, is computed via a modified CERES-N model. Interactions between surface runoff and residue mulch, and dynamic decreases in residue mulch thickness due to decomposition are also included. The model was modularized and deployed with a “layered module architecture” in MAIZSIM, such that the main ambient factors, interactions, and derivatives can be activated or deactivated based on scenarios or user settings. Illustrative examples include non-decomposable residue mulch, surface runoff and mulch decomposition scenarios. Results demonstrate that residue mulch can conserve soil water and reduce temporal variations of surface temperature. Surface runoff and its effects on water infiltration and surface temperature, and nitrogen mineralization during decomposition are also illustrated. The simulated surface temperature, water content, and mulch decomposition results are similar to literature results from field experiments. This study demonstrates the model workability in simulating surface water and temperature dynamics, and the feasibility of synthesizing multiple factors via a modularized model architecture.
dc.description.comments This article is published as Wang, Zhuangji, Resham Thapa, Dennis Timlin, Sanai Li, Wenguang Sun, Sahila Beegum, David Fleisher et al. "Simulations of Water and Thermal Dynamics for Soil Surfaces with Residue Mulch and Surface Runoff." Water Resources Research 57, no. 11 (2021): e2021WR030431. doi:10.1029/2021WR030431. This article has been contributed to by US Government employees and their work is in the public domain in the USA.
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/4vGXk0yr
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.uri https://doi.org/10.1029/2021WR030431 *
dc.subject.disciplines DegreeDisciplines::Life Sciences::Agriculture
dc.subject.disciplines DegreeDisciplines::Physical Sciences and Mathematics::Earth Sciences::Soil Science
dc.title Simulations of Water and Thermal Dynamics for Soil Surfaces With Residue Mulch and Surface Runoff
dc.type Article
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isAuthorOfPublication d3fb0917-6868-417e-9695-a010896cfafa
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication fdd5c06c-bdbe-469c-a38e-51e664fece7a
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