Description of changes of key performance indicators and PRRSV shedding over time in a naïve breeding herd following a PRRS MLV exposure

Date
2021-11
Authors
Trevisan, Giovani
Johnson, Clayton
Benjamin, Neil
Bradner, Laura
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Wiley-VCH GmbH
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Veterinary Diagnostic and Production Animal Medicine
Abstract
Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) is an important economic swine disease. The usage of PRRS-modified live vaccines (MLV) is the predominant breeding herd immunologic solution used in the United States to minimize the economic losses associated with wild-type PRRS infection. Most of the current information on the effects of contemporary PRRS MLV vaccination on breeding herd performance under field conditions comes from herds with previous PRRS virus (PRRSV) exposure. Hence, there is little information on key performance indicators (KPI) changes after the exposure to a PRRS MLV in PRRSV-naïve breeding herds. The main objective of this longitudinal observational study was to describe selected KPI changes in a naïve breeding herd after PRRS MLV exposure. The secondary objective was to describe the pattern of detection of PRRSV RNA by the quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction in processing fluid samples. There were transient increases for mummies during weeks 4–23 (+0.86%); increased pre-weaning mortality on weeks 3–5 (+3.76%); a decrease in live born on weeks 4–5 (–0.46) leading to a decreased pig weaned/litter on weeks 5–10 (–0.69) and increased repeated services on weeks 3–23 (+5.53%). Transient changes observed after PRRS MLV exposures did not move total pigs weaned to outside the control intervals. Starting on week 83 and for 53 consecutive weeks, there was no PRRSV detection in processing fluids, even though two whole-herd MLV exposures occurred within that period.
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This is the published version of the following article: Trevisan, Giovani, Clayton Johnson, Neil Benjamin, Laura Bradner, and Daniel CL Linhares. "Description of changes of key performance indicators and PRRSV shedding over time in a naïve breeding herd following a PRRS MLV exposure." Transboundary and Emerging Diseases 68, no. 6 (2021): 3230-3235. DOI: 10.1111/tbed.14327. Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0). Copyright 2021 The Authors. Posted with permission.
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key performance indicators, naïve breeding herd, porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome, virus modified live vaccine, swine
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