A Review of Literature on Preparing Language Teachers to Teach Online: What Has Been Done and What Is Needed?
The purpose of this article is to synthesize the research on skills and competencies to prepare college language teachers to teach online since the publication of Hampel and Stickler's article “New skills for new classrooms: Training tutors to teach languages online” in 2005. The researcher identified 15 studies in peer-reviewed journals to review. The findings reveal that new understandings have emerged about the necessary abilities and skills that a language teacher needs to acquire to be prepared to teach online. Important strategies to prepare teachers to gain these skills and abilities include learning by doing, by observation, and through reflection and learning from a critical friend's feedback. Implications for designing programs to prepare language teachers to teach online are discussed.
This article is published as Zhang, S. A review of literature on preparing language teachers to teach online:What is needed and what has been done? Journal of Technology and Chinese Language Teaching. 8.2 (2017).