Computer Vision-Based Animal Preference Assessment – Do Laying Hen Chicks Prefer Light with UVA Radiation?

dc.contributor.author Liu, Kai
dc.contributor.author Wang, Kailao
dc.contributor.author Fei, Tao
dc.contributor.author Chai, Lilong
dc.contributor.author Xin, Hongwei
dc.contributor.department Animal Science
dc.contributor.department Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering
dc.date 2018-08-29T21:26:31.000
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-29T22:35:26Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-29T22:35:26Z
dc.date.copyright Mon Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2018
dc.date.embargo 2018-08-23
dc.date.issued 2018-01-01
dc.description.abstract <p>Poultry have a fourth retinal cone that allows them to see in the ultraviolet A (UVA) wavelength (315-400 nm) and may use UVA perception to modify various behavioral functions such as feeding, peer recognition, mate selection, and social encounters. As UVA perception is an essential part of poultry vision, it may be of socio-economic significance to provide certain amount of UVA light in poultry production facilities, particularly in most of modern facilities where artificial lighting is the only light source for the birds. However, there is limited scientific information regarding how to provide the UVA supplementation to birds as well as the behavioral responses of birds to UVA radiation. The objective of this study was to assess preference of W-36 chicks (day-old) for light-emitting diode (LED) light supplemented with or without various levels of UVA radiation (0%, 5%, 10%, and 15%), i.e., LED vs. LED+UVA. A total of 108 chicks (day-old) in 18 groups over nine successive batches were assessed for their choice via preference test. For each group (six chicks), each bird was individually identified with one of the six colored marks (yellow, green, blue, purple, pink, and orange) on the head. Each group of chicks involved an 8-day preference test, during which the birds could move freely between two inter-connected compartments that contained LED and LED+UVA, respectively. A real-time monitoring system was employed to record behaviors of chicks at a capture rate of 5 frames per second. Trajectory of each bird was tracked using automated computer vision based on color detection algorithms. Time spent and feed intake by the birds under each light condition were measured daily and analyzed with generalized linear mixed models. The following results were found. In the scenario of 0% vs. 5% UVA, the chicks spent significantly lower amount of time under LED+UVA than under LED (45.6% vs. 54.4%), but had comparable feed use under both light conditions. In the scenario of 0% vs. 10% UVA, the chicks showed similar amount of time spent and feed use. In the scenario of 0% vs. 15% UVA, the chicks spent significantly higher proportion of time (61.3% vs. 38.7%) and consumed significantly more feed (60.5% vs. 39.5%) under LED+UVA than under LED. The study demonstrates the attracting effect of UVA light at 15% inclusion rate under LED illumination on chicks in terms of time spent and feed use. A large-scale and long-term study to further verify the positive effects of UVA inclusion seems warranted.</p>
dc.description.comments <p>This proceeding was published as Liu, Kai, Kailao Wang, Tao Fei, Lilong Chai, and Hongwei Xin. "Computer Vision-Based Animal Preference Assessment – Do Laying Hen Chicks Prefer Light with UVA Radiation?" ASABE Annual International Meeting, Detroit, MI, July 29-August 1, 2018. Paper No.1800193. doi: <a href="http://dx.doi.org/10.13031/aim.201800193" target="_blank">10.13031/aim.201800193</a>. Posted with permission.</p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/abe_eng_conf/567/
dc.identifier.articleid 1569
dc.identifier.contextkey 12712624
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath abe_eng_conf/567
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/612
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/abe_eng_conf/567/2018_Xin_ComputerVision.pdf|||Sat Jan 15 00:58:05 UTC 2022
dc.source.uri 10.13031/aim.201800193
dc.subject.disciplines Agriculture
dc.subject.disciplines Bioresource and Agricultural Engineering
dc.subject.disciplines Poultry or Avian Science
dc.subject.keywords Computer vision
dc.subject.keywords Feeding behavior
dc.subject.keywords Light preference
dc.subject.keywords Poultry lighting
dc.subject.keywords UVA light
dc.title Computer Vision-Based Animal Preference Assessment – Do Laying Hen Chicks Prefer Light with UVA Radiation?
dc.type article
dc.type.genre conference
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isAuthorOfPublication 36e0a8ce-fa2e-4df4-9f67-8d1717122650
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication 85ecce08-311a-441b-9c4d-ee2a3569506f
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication 8eb24241-0d92-4baf-ae75-08f716d30801
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