Nondestructive strain depth profiling with high energy X-ray diffraction: System capabilities and limitations

dc.contributor.author Zhang, Zhan
dc.contributor.author Wendt, Scott
dc.contributor.author Cosentino, Nicholas
dc.contributor.author Bond, Leonard
dc.contributor.author Bond, Leonard
dc.contributor.department Aerospace Engineering
dc.contributor.department Mechanical Engineering
dc.contributor.department Center for Nondestructive Evaluation (CNDE)
dc.date 2020-07-02T21:50:21.000
dc.date.accessioned 2020-07-06T21:25:24Z
dc.date.available 2020-07-06T21:25:24Z
dc.date.copyright Mon Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2018
dc.date.embargo 2019-01-01
dc.date.issued 2018-01-01
dc.description.abstract <p>Limited by photon energy, and penetration capability, traditional X-ray diffraction (XRD) strain measurements are only capable of achieving a few microns depth due to the use of copper (Cu Kα1) or molybdenum (Mo Kα1) characteristic radiation. For deeper strain depth profiling, destructive methods are commonly necessary to access layers of interest by removing material. To investigate deeper depth profiles nondestructively, a laboratory bench-top high-energy X-ray diffraction (HEXRD) system was previously developed. This HEXRD method uses an industrial 320 kVp X-Ray tube and the Kα1 characteristic peak of tungsten, to produces a higher intensity X-ray beam which enables depth profiling measurement of lattice strain. An aluminum sample was investigated with deformation/load provided using a bending rig. It was shown that the HEXRD method is capable of strain depth profiling to 2.5 mm. The method was validated using an aluminum sample where both the HEXRD method and the traditional X-ray diffraction method gave data compared with that obtained using destructive etching layer removal, performed by a commercial provider. The results demonstrate comparable accuracy up to 0.8 mm depth. Nevertheless, higher attenuation capabilities in heavier metals limit the applications in other materials. Simulations predict that HEXRD works for steel and nickel in material up to 200 µm, but experiment results indicate that the HEXRD strain profile is not practical for steel and nickel material, and the measured diffraction signals are undetectable when compared to the noise.</p>
dc.description.comments <p>This proceeding may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and AIP Publishing. This proceeding appeared in Zhang, Zhan, Scott Wendt, Nicholas Cosentino, and Leonard J. Bond. "Nondestructive strain depth profiling with high energy X-ray diffraction: System capabilities and limitations." <em>AIP Conference Proceedings </em>1949, no. 1 (2018): 190001. DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5031635" target="_blank">10.1063/1.5031635</a>. Posted with permission.</p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/aere_conf/53/
dc.identifier.articleid 1054
dc.identifier.contextkey 18345661
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath aere_conf/53
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/91498
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/aere_conf/53/2018_BondLeonard_NondestructiveStrain.pdf|||Sat Jan 15 00:50:53 UTC 2022
dc.source.uri 10.1063/1.5031635
dc.subject.disciplines Acoustics, Dynamics, and Controls
dc.subject.disciplines Structural Materials
dc.subject.keywords Strain measurement
dc.subject.keywords Vacuum tubes
dc.subject.keywords High-energy X rays
dc.subject.keywords Chemical elements
dc.subject.keywords X-ray diffraction
dc.subject.keywords Light diffraction
dc.subject.keywords Transition metals
dc.subject.keywords Depth profiling techniques
dc.title Nondestructive strain depth profiling with high energy X-ray diffraction: System capabilities and limitations
dc.type article
dc.type.genre conference
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isAuthorOfPublication 4ce205f6-422e-4b1c-a216-e7df3565ecf7
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication 047b23ca-7bd7-4194-b084-c4181d33d95d
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication 6d38ab0f-8cc2-4ad3-90b1-67a60c5a6f59
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