A multimodal analysis of the communicative utterances of a language competent bonobo (Pan paniscus)

dc.contributor.advisor Jill Pruetz
dc.contributor.author Musgrave, Daniel
dc.contributor.department Anthropology
dc.date 2018-08-11T19:05:04.000
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-30T02:42:31Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-30T02:42:31Z
dc.date.copyright Sun Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2012
dc.date.embargo 2013-06-05
dc.date.issued 2012-01-01
dc.description.abstract <p>Language is a multimodal experience that flows through vocalizations, gestures, facial expressions and even textual or symbolic mediums. New studies on captive apes shows that they employ multimodal communication more often than not, yet this methodology has not been applied to apes reared in language-rich environments, either with American Sign Language or printed symbols. Using archived video data of spontaneous communicative interactions (n= 336) between a language enculturated bonobo (Pan paniscus), Kanzi, and human caretakers, I catalogue utterances and analyze them for lexigram (printed symbols) and manual gesture combinations. Gestures are catalogued within Kendon's continuum (2004) in the categories of beats, points, and iconics. Kanzi was shown to produce a significantly larger mean utterance length (1.46 symbols per utterance) than the 1.15 posited by Clive Wynne (2001). Kanzi also produced significantly longer mean utterances when gestures were included in the analysis (1.85 symbols per utterance). Kanzi did not significantly alter his production in conditions of prompted versus spontaneous utterances, which suggests no Clever Hans or performance aspect to his productions. However, Kanzi was shown to increase his utterance length depending on his number of repetitions, suggesting he employs the Gricean Maxim of Quantity (1975) in his communications. Further discussion focuses on how Kanzi's abilities are often misrepresented through adherence to the longstanding metaphysical divide between humans and animals and how this myth impacts both our scientific and anthropological researchers to this day.</p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/etd/12415/
dc.identifier.articleid 3422
dc.identifier.contextkey 3437782
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.31274/etd-180810-827
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath etd/12415
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/26604
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/etd/12415/Musgrave_iastate_0097M_12680.pdf|||Fri Jan 14 19:21:17 UTC 2022
dc.subject.disciplines Animal Sciences
dc.subject.disciplines Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms
dc.subject.disciplines Social and Cultural Anthropology
dc.subject.keywords anthropology
dc.subject.keywords bonobo
dc.subject.keywords gestures
dc.subject.keywords kanzi
dc.subject.keywords multimodal
dc.subject.keywords ontology
dc.title A multimodal analysis of the communicative utterances of a language competent bonobo (Pan paniscus)
dc.type article
dc.type.genre thesis
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication e5ee3e5c-0f5e-419a-9c67-0406e24ad416
thesis.degree.level thesis
thesis.degree.name Master of Arts
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