Preventing Zoonotic Canine Leishmaniasis in Northeastern Brazil: Pet Attachment and Adoption of Community Leishmania Prevention Esch, Kevin O'Connor, Annette Pontes, Nubia Arruda, Paulo O'Connor, Annette Morais, Lorena Jeronimo, Selma Petersen, Christine
dc.contributor.department Veterinary Diagnostic and Production Animal Medicine 2018-02-17T02:09:05.000 2020-07-07T05:13:20Z 2020-07-07T05:13:20Z Sun Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2012 2012-01-01
dc.description.abstract <p>Visceral leishmaniasis (VL), caused by <em>Leishmania infantum chagasi</em> (<em>L.i. chagasi</em>syn. <em>infantum</em>) in northeastern Brazil, was responsible for 51,000 new VL cases from 1980 to 2003. Household presence of <em>L. infantum-</em>infected dogs is a major risk factor for human infection. Despite culling of dogs based on seropositivity, canine <em>L. infantum</em> seroprevalence remains near 20%, suggesting that dog culling is ineffective for preventing VL spread. We administered a cross-sectional survey to 224 households within 300 m of the homes of VL human patients diagnosed within the last year. The goal was to develop a model for voluntary preventative use based on characteristics and motivations of dog owners. We identified that owner knowledge deficiencies regarding canine transmission of <em>L. infantum</em> associated with increased risk of dog infection (odds ratio [OR] = 3.681, confidence interval [CI] = 1.223, 11.08). Higher owner education was associated with decreased levels of dog seropositivity (OR = 0.40, CI = 0.20, 0.81). Pet attachment (<em>P</em> = 0.036) and perception of risk/disease knowledge (<em>P</em> = 0.040) were significantly associated with willingness to voluntarily purchase canine VL prevention. These results highlight the importance of owner attachment to their pet in implementing reservoir-targeted zoonotic VL prevention.</p>
dc.description.comments <p>This article is from <em>American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene</em> 87 (2012): 822, doi:<a href="" target="_blank">10.4269/ajtmh.2012.12-0251</a>. Posted with permission.</p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/
dc.identifier.articleid 1030
dc.identifier.contextkey 7667838
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath vdpam_pubs/31
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/|||Fri Jan 14 23:30:29 UTC 2022
dc.source.uri 10.4269/ajtmh.2012.12-0251
dc.subject.disciplines Large or Food Animal and Equine Medicine
dc.subject.disciplines Small or Companion Animal Medicine
dc.subject.disciplines Veterinary Infectious Diseases
dc.subject.disciplines Veterinary Preventive Medicine, Epidemiology, and Public Health
dc.subject.keywords Visceral leishmaniasis
dc.subject.keywords canine VL prevention
dc.subject.keywords Brazil
dc.subject.keywords owner attachment
dc.title Preventing Zoonotic Canine Leishmaniasis in Northeastern Brazil: Pet Attachment and Adoption of Community Leishmania Prevention
dc.type article
dc.type.genre article
dspace.entity.type Publication
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relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication 5ab07352-4171-4f53-bbd7-ac5d616f7aa8
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