Performance of Six Vegetative Treatment Systems for Controlling Runoff from Open Beef Feedlots in Iowa

dc.contributor.author Andersen, Daniel
dc.contributor.author Andersen, Daniel
dc.contributor.author Burns, Robert
dc.contributor.author Moody, Lara
dc.contributor.author Helmers, Matthew
dc.contributor.author Khanijo, Ishadeep
dc.contributor.author Helmers, Matthew
dc.contributor.author Pedersen, Carl
dc.contributor.author Lawrence, John
dc.contributor.department Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering
dc.date 2018-02-13T07:08:50.000
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-29T22:32:51Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-29T22:32:51Z
dc.date.copyright Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2009
dc.date.embargo 2013-03-11
dc.date.issued 2009-06-01
dc.description.abstract <p>Beef feedlots of all sizes are looking for more cost-effective solutions for managing feedlot runoff. Vegetative treatment systems (VTSs) are one potential option that has been proposed. Iowa State University (ISU) has monitored the performance of six VTSs on open beef feedlots throughout Iowa since 2006. These feedlots have interim, National Pollution Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permits that allow the use of VTSs to control and treat feedlot runoff. As part of the permit requirements for these feedlots the effluent volumes, nutrient concentrations, and nutrient masses exiting each component of the VTS were monitored. This paper describes the VTSs and monitoring methods used in this study and evaluates the effectiveness, in terms of both effluent concentration and nutrient mass transport reductions, of each system. During the three-year monitoring period, results have shown that VTSs are capable of reducing the nutrient mass exiting the VTSs by 65 – 99% as compared to a settling basin only system, with performance varying by both site and year. In addition to overall mass transport reductions, nutrient concentrations were also reduced, typically reduced by 50-90%, during treatment. Furthermore, monitoring results have shown a consistent improvement in system performance during the three years of the study. Much of this improvement can be attributed to improved management techniques and system modifications that addressed key performance issues.</p>
dc.description.comments <p>This is an ASABE Meeting Presentation, Paper No. <a href="http://elibrary.asabe.org/abstract.asp?aid=27290&t=3&dabs=Y&redir=&redirType=" target="_blank">097054</a>.</p>
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/abe_eng_conf/254/
dc.identifier.articleid 1249
dc.identifier.contextkey 3887569
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath abe_eng_conf/254
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/266
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/abe_eng_conf/254/2009_AndersenDS_PerformanceSixVegetative.pdf|||Fri Jan 14 22:58:18 UTC 2022
dc.subject.disciplines Agriculture
dc.subject.disciplines Bioresource and Agricultural Engineering
dc.subject.keywords Vegetative treatment areas
dc.subject.keywords vegetative treatment systems
dc.subject.keywords feedlot runoff control
dc.title Performance of Six Vegetative Treatment Systems for Controlling Runoff from Open Beef Feedlots in Iowa
dc.type article
dc.type.genre conference
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isAuthorOfPublication 18329603-49c4-4007-985d-2402929993a8
relation.isAuthorOfPublication 26a812e6-e6de-44ff-b7ea-d2459ae1903c
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication 8eb24241-0d92-4baf-ae75-08f716d30801
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