The contribution of person/role congruence as a moderator of the occupational stress/strain relationship
The present study was designed to investigate the influence of vocational congruence on occupational stress/strain relationships. Additionally, the study sought to provide further research evidence to support the validity of a stress/strain model of occupational stress;Two hundred and forty-nine working women and men participated in the study. Subjects covered a wide range of occupations, age, and educational levels. Measures of occupational stress, strain, job satisfaction, and vocational congruence were obtained from this sample;Results of the study confirmed a stress/strain model of occupational stress. No strong support was found for an overall moderating effect for congruence. Congruence did, however, exert a slight moderating effect for both interpersonal and physical strain;A strong relationship was shown between the trait of negative affectivity and various measures of stress and strain, suggesting that both may tap an underlying mood disposition toward negative emotional states.