Anthocyanin, phenolics and antioxidant activity changes in purple waxy corn as affected by traditional cooking

Date
2014-12-01
Authors
Harakotr, Bhornchai
Suriharn, Bhalang
Scott, Marvin
Tangwongchai, Ratchada
Scott, Marvin
Lertrat, Kamol
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Agronomy
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Agronomy
Abstract

Antioxidant components, including anthocyanins and phenolic compounds, antioxidant activity, and their changes during traditional cooking of fresh purple waxy corn were investigated. As compared to the raw corn, thermal treatment caused significant (p ⩽ 0.05) decreases in each antioxidant compound and antioxidant activity. Steam cooking preserved more antioxidant compounds than boiling. Boiling caused a significant loss of anthocyanin and phenolic compounds into the cooking water. This cooking water is a valuable co-product because it is a good source of purple pigment. By comparing levels of antioxidant compounds in raw and cooked corn, we determined that degradation results in greater loss than leaching or diffusion into cooking water. Additionally, separation of kernels from the cob prior to cooking caused increased loss of antioxidant compounds.

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This article is published as Harakotr, Bhornchai, Bhalang Suriharn, Ratchada Tangwongchai, Marvin Paul Scott, and Kamol Lertrat. "Anthocyanin, phenolics and antioxidant activity changes in purple waxy corn as affected by traditional cooking." Food chemistry 164 (2014): 510-517, doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2014.05.069.

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