Conservation Agriculture Practices Increase Potentially Mineralizable Nitrogen: A Meta-Analysis

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Date
2018-09-20
Authors
Mahal, Navreet
Castellano, Michael
Castellano, Michael
Miguez, Fernando
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Agronomy
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Agronomy
Abstract

Potentially mineralizable nitrogen (PMN) is considered an important indicator of soil health. Cropping systems management can affect PMN. However, the effect size and relationship with crop yield across specific management practices remain uncertain. We conducted a quantitative review to understand how conservation agriculture management practices affect PMN including N fertilizer application, cropping system diversity, and tillage system as well as the relationship of crop yield with PMN. Data were extracted from 43 studies published in peer-reviewed journals, providing 494 paired comparisons of PMN and 26 paired comparisons of PMN and yield across selected crop management practices. In our meta-analysis, the effect size for each management practice was expressed as a response ratio, calculated as PMN or yield for the fertilizer application, high crop diversity, and no-till system to the no-fertilizer, less diverse crop system, and tillage system. On average, N-fertilized cropping systems had greater PMN: compared to no N fertilizer, inorganic N fertilizer had 22%, and manure had 34% higher PMN. Diverse cropping systems also had greater PMN: three or more different crops in rotation had 44% greater PMN than continuous cropping systems; cropping systems with a leguminous cover crop had 211% greater PMN than systems without cover crops. Compared to till systems, no-till systems had 13% higher PMN. Overall, conservation practices consistently increased both PMN and yield; however, the increase in PMN and yield were not correlated. Consistent with the use of PMN as a soil health indicator, this synthesis demonstrates that practices benefiting PMN also benefit yield.

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This is a manuscript of an article published as Mahal, Navreet K., Michael J. Castellano, and Fernando E. Miguez. "Conservation Agriculture Practices Increase Potentially Mineralizable Nitrogen: A Meta-Analysis." Soil Science Society of America Journal (2018). doi: 10.2136/sssaj2017.07.0245. Posted with permission.

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