The Rohingya refugee issue: Differences in media framing in Bangladesh and India

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Awny, Mumtahin
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Daniela V. Dimitrova
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Greenlee School of Journalism and Communication
The Greenlee School of Journalism and Communication offers two majors: Advertising (instructing students in applied communication for work in business or industry), and Journalism and Mass Communication (instructing students in various aspects of news and information organizing, writing, editing, and presentation on various topics and in various platforms). The Department of Agricultural Journalism was formed in 1905 in the Division of Agriculture. In 1925 its name was changed to the Department of Technical Journalism. In 1969 its name changed to the Department of Journalism and Mass Communications; from 1969 to 1989 the department was directed by all four colleges, and in 1989 was placed under the direction of the College of Sciences and Humanities (later College of Liberal Arts and Sciences). In 1998 its name was changed to the Greenlee School of Journalism and Communication.
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The persecution of ethnic group, Rohingya, in 2017 resulted in approximately a million of Rohingya people becoming homeless and taking shelter in neighboring countries. This study examines the framing of Rohingya refugees in India and Bangladesh, two neighboring countries that host the majority of Rohingya refugees. A quantitative content analysis of two Indian newspapers, the Times of India and the Hindustan Times, and two Bangladeshi newspapers, the New Nation and the Daily Prothom Alo, is utilized to examine existing frames in these newspaper articles. This study identified the following frames: victim frame, intruder frame, responsibility frame, administrative frame, and return home frame in the newspaper articles. The findings revealed that Bangladeshi newspapers are more likely to use the victim frame while Indian newspapers are more likely to use the intruder frame. This study also found that Bangladeshi newspapers more often feature refugees, spokespersons for NGOs, and other media/journalist as sources, while Indian newspapers more often feature their own domestic officials as sources. This study also found evidence of association of news sources with news frames.

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Thu Aug 01 00:00:00 UTC 2019