Quantum phase transition and ferromagnetism in Co1+xSn

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2019-05-01
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Pahari, Rabindra
Balasubramanian, Balamurugan
Pathak, Rohit
Nguyen, Manh Cuong
Valloppilly, Shah
Skomski, Ralph
Kashyap, Arti
Wang, Cai-Zhuang
Ho, Kai-Ming
Hadjipanayis, George
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Ames National Laboratory

Ames National Laboratory is a government-owned, contractor-operated national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), operated by and located on the campus of Iowa State University in Ames, Iowa.

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Physics and Astronomy
Physics and astronomy are basic natural sciences which attempt to describe and provide an understanding of both our world and our universe. Physics serves as the underpinning of many different disciplines including the other natural sciences and technological areas.
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Abstract

The onset of ferromagnetism in cobalt-tin alloys is investigated experimentally and theoretically. The Co1+xSn alloys were prepared by rapid quenching from the melt and form a modified hexagonal NiAs-type crystal structure for 0.45≤x≤1. The magnetic behavior is described analytically and by density-functional theory using supercells and the coherent-potential approximation. The excess of Co concentration x, which enters the interstitial 2d sites in the hypothetical NiAs-ordered parent alloy CoSn, yields a Griffiths-like phase and, above a quantum critical point (xc≈0.65), a quantum phase transition to ferromagnetic order. Quantum critical exponents are determined on the paramagnetic and ferromagnetic sides of the transition and related to the nature of the magnetism in itinerant systems with different types of chemical disorder.

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