Framing of the 2008 presidential election in print news

dc.contributor.advisor Daniela V. Dimitrova
dc.contributor.author O'gara, Erin
dc.contributor.department Greenlee School of Journalism and Communication
dc.date 2018-08-11T15:25:03.000
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-30T02:31:41Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-30T02:31:41Z
dc.date.copyright Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2009
dc.date.embargo 2013-06-05
dc.date.issued 2009-01-01
dc.description.abstract <p>This study examines newspaper coverage of the Democratic and Republican presidential and vice presidential candidates in the 2008 U.S. election. Since the composition of candidates involved in this election is so unprecedented, this study seeks to uncover the ways in which they are portrayed through the lens of framing theory. The study focused on three major frames: experience, race and viability. A total of 225 newspaper articles randomly collected from The New York Times, the Chicago Tribune and USA Today were content analyzed. The following questions were asked: What is the most dominant frame used in the coverage of the 2008 election? Is there a relationship between the dominant frame used and candidate focus? Is there a difference in the way news articles and non-news articles (feature stories, editorial/op ed.) frame candidates? Which received the greater amount of media attention in the 2008 election, image or issue-focused stories? What aspects of image are most frequently used in describing the candidates? How frequently is age used to describe the candidates in the 2008 election? How frequently is gender mentioned to describe the candidates?</p> <p>The results show that consistent with previous research, the media continue to place a greater importance on candidate image and viability than on policy issues. The media paid little attention to the subject of age, but discussed race, gender and experience more thoroughly. The discussion of gender and the one female candidate was stereotypical and used harsher and more negative language than that used for the male candidates, especially when found in editorial/op ed. articles. This suggests that contrary to what many believe were improving conditions for female political candidates, the media still put a much greater emphasis on their gender than for their male counterparts.</p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/etd/10881/
dc.identifier.articleid 1907
dc.identifier.contextkey 2807105
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.31274/etd-180810-2615
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath etd/10881
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/25087
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/etd/10881/OGara_iastate_0097M_10735.pdf|||Fri Jan 14 18:29:52 UTC 2022
dc.subject.disciplines Communication
dc.subject.keywords Female Candidates
dc.subject.keywords Political Communication
dc.title Framing of the 2008 presidential election in print news
dc.type article
dc.type.genre thesis
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication a90aa4f9-cd8d-4028-bba5-91b31d745f15
thesis.degree.level thesis
thesis.degree.name Master of Science
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