Role of Magnetic Defects in Tuning Ground States of Magnetic Topological Insulators

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2023-02-02
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Islam, Farhan
Lee, Yongbin
Pajerowski, Daniel M.
Oh, JinSu
Tian, Wei
Zhou, Lin
Yan, Jiaqiang
Ke, Liqin
McQueeney, Robert J.
Vaknin, David
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Iowa State University Digital Repository, Ames IA (United States)
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Ames National Laboratory

Ames National Laboratory is a government-owned, contractor-operated national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), operated by and located on the campus of Iowa State University in Ames, Iowa.

For more than 70 years, the Ames National Laboratory has successfully partnered with Iowa State University, and is unique among the 17 DOE laboratories in that it is physically located on the campus of a major research university. Many of the scientists and administrators at the Laboratory also hold faculty positions at the University and the Laboratory has access to both undergraduate and graduate student talent.

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Physics and astronomy are basic natural sciences which attempt to describe and provide an understanding of both our world and our universe. Physics serves as the underpinning of many different disciplines including the other natural sciences and technological areas.
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Magnetic defects play an important, but poorly understood, role in magnetic topological insulators (TIs). For example, topological surface transport and bulk magnetic properties are controlled by magnetic defects in Bi2Se3-based dilute ferromagnetic (FM) TIs and MnBi2Te4 (MBT)-based antiferromagnetic (AFM) TIs. Despite its nascent ferromagnetism, the inelastic neutron scattering data show that a fraction of the Mn defects in Sb2Te3 form strong AFM dimer singlets within a quintuple block. The AFM superexchange coupling occurs via Mn–Te–Mn linear bonds and is identical to the AFM coupling between antisite defects and the FM Mn layer in MBT, establishing common interactions in the two materials classes. It is also found that the FM correlations in (Sb1−xMnx)2Te3 are likely driven by magnetic defects in adjacent quintuple blocks across the van der Waals gap. In addition to providing answers to long-standing questions about the evolution of FM order in dilute TI, these results also show that the evolution of global magnetic order from AFM to FM in Sb-substituted MBT is controlled by defect engineering of the intrablock and interblock coupling.
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This article is published as Islam, Farhan, Yongbin Lee, Daniel M. Pajerowski, JinSu Oh, Wei Tian, Lin Zhou, Jiaqiang Yan, Liqin Ke, Robert J. McQueeney, and David Vaknin. "Role of Magnetic Defects in Tuning Ground States of Magnetic Topological Insulators." Advanced Materials (2023): 2209951. DOI: 10.1002/adma.202209951. Copyright 2023 The Authors. Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0). Posted with permission. DOE Contract Number(s): AC02-07CH11358; AC05-00OR22725
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