A User-Centered Extended Reality Authoring Tool Development Framework for General Aviation Weather Training

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Kim, Jiwon
Wang, Kexin
Miller, Jack
Winer, Eliot
Brown, Lori
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Industrial and Manufacturing Systems EngineeringMechanical Engineering
This paper describes a comprehensive framework for the development of an extended reality (XR) authoring toolkit for general aviation weather training. Conventional weather training methods often rely on static, text-based materials, which might result in limited engagement and failure to provide an immersive experience tailored to the unique learning needs of students. Conversely, XR-enhanced lessons offer promising alternatives to enhance weather-related knowledge and decision-making. However, existing XR toolkits typically require advanced programming skills, posing challenges for non-technologist instructors. To address this gap, a content-centered approach that shifts the focus from the technicalities of developing augmented reality visualizations to enabling non-technologist instructors to readily interact with weather objects and scenario elements is proposed. The development framework, rooted in the user-centered design approach, encompasses understanding the user's context, specifying requirements, and developing a prototype. This study provides a description of the framework, accompanied by a case study specifically tailored to developing an XR authoring toolkit for general aviation weather training. Emphasis is placed on the significance of conducting comprehensive user studies and adhering to evidence-based software design guidance throughout the development process. The proposed framework is expected to contribute to the development of user-friendly 3D authoring environments, empowering instructors to create engaging and interactive aviation weather lessons. By enabling non-technologist instructors to create XR-enhanced lessons without requiring extensive computer skills, the framework aims to broaden access to XR-based training, catering to a wider audience.
This is a manuscript of the conference proceeding published as Kim, Jiwon, Kexin Wang, Jack Miller, Michael Dorneich, Eliot Winer, and Lori Brown. "A User-Centered Extended Reality Authoring Tool Development Framework for General Aviation Weather Training." In 2023 IEEE/AIAA 42nd Digital Avionics Systems Conference (DASC), pp. 1-7. IEEE, 2023. doi: https://doi.org/10.1109/DASC58513.2023.10311255. Copyright 2023 IEEE. Posted with Permission.