Kinetics of a Moving Boundary Ion-Exchange Process

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Dana, Paul
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Chemical and Biological Engineering

The function of the Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering has been to prepare students for the study and application of chemistry in industry. This focus has included preparation for employment in various industries as well as the development, design, and operation of equipment and processes within industry.Through the CBE Department, Iowa State University is nationally recognized for its initiatives in bioinformatics, biomaterials, bioproducts, metabolic/tissue engineering, multiphase computational fluid dynamics, advanced polymeric materials and nanostructured materials.

The Department of Chemical Engineering was founded in 1913 under the Department of Physics and Illuminating Engineering. From 1915 to 1931 it was jointly administered by the Divisions of Industrial Science and Engineering, and from 1931 onward it has been under the Division/College of Engineering. In 1928 it merged with Mining Engineering, and from 1973–1979 it merged with Nuclear Engineering. It became Chemical and Biological Engineering in 2005.

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1913 - present

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  • Department of Chemical Engineering (1913–1928)
  • Department of Chemical and Mining Engineering (1928–1957)
  • Department of Chemical Engineering (1957–1973, 1979–2005)
    • Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering (2005–present)

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The acid elution of the dark blue cupric ammine complex from a cation-exchange resin produced a sharply defined moving boundary within each bead, which was photographed and measured to provide rate data. 'Analysis of the data by means of a theoretical model indicated that the overall elution process was controlled by a combination of internal and external mass transfer when acid concentrations less than 1.0 N were employed. At these acid concent1'ations the interdiffusion coefficient for the resin phase was found to be 3 X 10-6 cm2/sec, independent of acid concentration but somewhat dependent on particle size. Data collected at· higher acid concentrations were not amenable to analysis by the method employed. The model should be useful for predicting the time required to elute the cupric ammine complex or for designing equipment to carry out this process.


Reprinted (adapted) with permission from Ind. Eng. Chem. Fundamen., 1974, 13 (1), pp 20–26. Copyright 1974 American Chemical Society.

Tue Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 1974