"Philosophers of despair": (italicized)Harper's Weekly(/italicized) and the criminalization of American anarchism, 1877-1920

dc.contributor.advisor McDonnell, Lawrence T.
dc.contributor.advisor Andrews, James T.
dc.contributor.advisor Harper, Shannon
dc.contributor.author Cirian, Nathan
dc.contributor.department History en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2023-06-20T16:13:10Z
dc.date.available 2023-06-20T16:13:10Z
dc.date.issued 2023-05
dc.date.updated 2023-06-20T16:13:11Z
dc.description.abstract Anarchists were one of the great enigmas of the Nineteenth and Twentieth centuries. They were terrorists, drunks, misfits, and blood-hungry deviants. They were dirty, long-haired, and shadowy figures that loomed over the American psyche. Did Americans know how to spot an anarchist or were they relying on unreliable stereotypes? In this thesis, I examine the depictions of anarchists within Harper’s Weekly, one of the most widely read magazines at the turn of the Twentieth century. Through its luxurious illustrations and scathing commentary, Harper’s provides an important insight into what Americans thought anarchists were and where they thought anarchists were hiding. This thesis argues that Americans’ fear of anarchists was exaggerated. Anarchist acts of terror were few and far between. Yet, Americans were constantly afraid. This fear of anarchists led American legislators to try and legislate away the anarchist problem. These depictions and strategies to combat anarchism were refined over the decades and, after World War I, were applied to a new threat, Russian Bolshevism.
dc.format.mimetype PDF
dc.identifier.orcid 0009-0003-6987-4099
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/avVO431r
dc.language.iso en
dc.language.rfc3066 en
dc.subject.disciplines American history en_US
dc.subject.disciplines History en_US
dc.subject.disciplines Labor relations en_US
dc.subject.keywords anarchism en_US
dc.subject.keywords Anarchist en_US
dc.subject.keywords fear en_US
dc.subject.keywords immigration en_US
dc.subject.keywords moral panic en_US
dc.subject.keywords Red Scare en_US
dc.title "Philosophers of despair": (italicized)Harper's Weekly(/italicized) and the criminalization of American anarchism, 1877-1920
dc.type article en_US
dc.type.genre thesis en_US
dspace.entity.type Publication
thesis.degree.discipline American history en_US
thesis.degree.discipline History en_US
thesis.degree.discipline Labor relations en_US
thesis.degree.grantor Iowa State University en_US
thesis.degree.level thesis $
thesis.degree.name Master of Arts en_US
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