Taming the hashtag: universal sentiment, SPEQ-ing the truth, and structured opinion in social media

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2015-01-01
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La Vie, Ian
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Eric Abbott
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Greenlee School of Journalism and Communication
The Greenlee School of Journalism and Communication offers two majors: Advertising (instructing students in applied communication for work in business or industry), and Journalism and Mass Communication (instructing students in various aspects of news and information organizing, writing, editing, and presentation on various topics and in various platforms). The Department of Agricultural Journalism was formed in 1905 in the Division of Agriculture. In 1925 its name was changed to the Department of Technical Journalism. In 1969 its name changed to the Department of Journalism and Mass Communications; from 1969 to 1989 the department was directed by all four colleges, and in 1989 was placed under the direction of the College of Sciences and Humanities (later College of Liberal Arts and Sciences). In 1998 its name was changed to the Greenlee School of Journalism and Communication.
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Opinions are valuable, and with the advent of social media, plentiful. Opinions are not always intelligible, however. Therefore, many of the views of social media users are ignored. This dissertation seeks to confront the challenges associated with opinion mining and sentiment analysis by investigating three aspects of opinion expression and consumption in social media. The universality of opinion itself is explored through an innovative application of social science research in survey construction, semantic distance analysis, and corpus linguistics. Results include a universal taxonomy of 18 sentiment types shown to be portable across 15 languages. The universality of opinion processing is explored through a qualitative meta-synthesis (QMS) analysis of social psychology, opinion mining and sentiment analysis, and voting systems scholarship. Results include a comprehensive theoretical model of opinion processing: the States, Processes, Effects, and Quality (SPEQ) model for opinion mining and sentiment analysis. SPEQ defines seven states of opinion, six processes which govern the transitions between those states and five quality and integrity measures for the evaluation of those processes. Lastly, the concept of a structured opinion syntax is explored. Despite strong resentment to symbolic representations of meaning by subjects, learning and priming effects for both the encoding and decoding of structured opinion support the contention that such a syntax could be developed and used. Many future directions for research are presented for each aspect of opinion investigated.

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Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2015