The Effect of Physical Activity vs. Cognitive Activity in Reaction Time

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Forsyth, Emily
Garcia, Andrea
Riusech, Olga
Smidzik, Quintin
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The Department of Kinesiology seeks to provide an ample knowledge of physical activity and active living to students both within and outside of the program; by providing knowledge of the role of movement and physical activity throughout the lifespan, it seeks to improve the lives of all members of the community. Its options for students enrolled in the department include: Athletic Training; Community and Public Health; Exercise Sciences; Pre-Health Professions; and Physical Education Teacher Licensure. The Department of Physical Education was founded in 1974 from the merger of the Department of Physical Education for Men and the Department of Physical Education for Women. In 1981 its name changed to the Department of Physical Education and Leisure Studies. In 1993 its name changed to the Department of Health and Human Performance. In 2007 its name changed to the Department of Kinesiology. Dates of Existence: 1974-present. Historical Names: Department of Physical Education (1974-1981), Department of Physical Education and Leisure Studies (1981-1993), Department of Health and Human Performance (1993-2007). Related Units: College of Human Sciences (parent college), College of Education (parent college, 1974 - 2005), Department of Physical Education for Women (predecessor) Department of Physical Education for Men
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Symposium on Undergraduate Research and Creative Expression
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The Symposium provides undergraduates from all academic disciplines with an opportunity to share their research with the university community and other guests through conference-style oral presentations. The Symposium represents part of a larger effort of Iowa State University to enhance, support, and celebrate undergraduate research activity.

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Exercise is associated with an increase in cardiovascular functional ability. Results from previous studies indicate both visual and auditory reaction times were significantly faster after aerobic exercise compared to no exercise. We are replicating these results using a visual reaction time task. In addition we are comparing the effect of physical exercise to the effect of a mentally stimulating activity. We hypothesize that post-exercise reaction time will yield the fastest reaction time. To test this we will test 12 individuals, 6 males and 6 female on a 4-Choice Reaction Test after a 3-minute cardio regime and a Stroop task that requires mental effort. The cardio exercise consists of performing jumping jacks, high- knees, and sprint-kicks for a minute each. The Stroop task requires participants to identify the ink color of color-words (for example, green) that are consistent with the ink color or different from the ink color. They read these words for 90 seconds. Before and between conditions we collect resting heartrate.

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