Veterinarian perceptions and practices in prevention and control of influenza virus in the Midwest United States swine farms

dc.contributor.author Moraes, Daniel C. A.
dc.contributor.author Vincent Baker, Amy L.
dc.contributor.author Wang, Xin
dc.contributor.author Zhu, Zhengyuan
dc.contributor.author Berg, Emily
dc.contributor.author Trevisan, Giovani
dc.contributor.author Zhang, Jianqiang
dc.contributor.author Jayaraman, Swaminathan
dc.contributor.author Linhares, Daniel
dc.contributor.author Gauger, Phillip C.
dc.contributor.author Silva, Gustavo S.
dc.contributor.department Veterinary Diagnostic and Production Animal Medicine
dc.contributor.department Statistics
dc.date.accessioned 2023-04-17T20:01:47Z
dc.date.available 2023-04-17T20:01:47Z
dc.date.issued 2023-02-03
dc.description.abstract Influenza A virus (IAV) is an endemic respiratory pathogen affecting swine worldwide and is a public health concern as a zoonotic pathogen. Veterinarians may respond to IAV infection in swine with varied approaches depending on their perception of its economic impact on human and animal health. This study considered three primary veterinary practice categories: swine exclusive veterinary practitioner, large animal practitioner, which corresponds to veterinarians that work predominantly with food animals including but not exclusively porcine, and mixed animal practitioner, which corresponds to veterinarians working with companion and food animals. This survey aimed to assess U.S. veterinarian perceptions, biosecurity practices, and control methods for IAV in swine. In this study, 54.5% (188/345) of the veterinarians that were targeted responded to all portions of the survey. The study results presented different perceptions regarding IAV among veterinarians in different types of veterinary practices and the current IAV mitigation practices implemented in swine farms based on strategic decisions. Collectively, this study also revealed the veterinarians' perceptions that IAV as a health problem in swine is increasing, IAV has a moderate economic impact, and there is a high level of concern regarding IAV circulating in swine. These findings highlight the need for IAV surveillance data, improved vaccine strategies, as well as important opportunities regarding methods of control and biosecurity. Additionally, results of this survey suggest biosecurity practices associated with the veterinarian's swine operations and prevention of zoonotic diseases can be strengthened through annual IAV vaccination of humans and support of sick leave policies for farm workers.
dc.description.comments This article is published as Moraes, Daniel CA, Amy L Vincent Baker, Xin Wang, Zhengyuan Zhu, Emily Berg, Giovani Trevisan, Jianqiang Zhang et al. "Veterinarian perceptions and practices in prevention and control of influenza virus in the Midwest United States swine farms." Frontiers in Veterinary Science 10 (2023): 68. DOI: 10.3389/fvets.2023.1089132. Copyright 2023 Moraes, L. Vincent Baker, Wang, Zhu, Berg, Trevisan, Zhang, Jayaraman, Linhares, Gauger and S. Silva. Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). Posted with permission.
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/8zn7MREw
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher Frontiers Media S. A.
dc.source.uri https://doi.org/10.3389/fvets.2023.1089132 *
dc.subject.disciplines DegreeDisciplines::Medicine and Health Sciences::Veterinary Medicine::Veterinary Infectious Diseases
dc.subject.disciplines DegreeDisciplines::Medicine and Health Sciences::Veterinary Medicine::Large or Food Animal and Equine Medicine
dc.subject.disciplines DegreeDisciplines::Physical Sciences and Mathematics::Statistics and Probability::Statistical Methodology
dc.subject.keywords IAV
dc.subject.keywords survey
dc.subject.keywords veterinary practices
dc.subject.keywords zoonotic disease
dc.subject.keywords swine
dc.title Veterinarian perceptions and practices in prevention and control of influenza virus in the Midwest United States swine farms
dc.type Article
dspace.entity.type Publication
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