The Enhanced Principal Rank Characteristic Sequence for Hermitian Matrices

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Butler, Steve
Catral, Minerva
Hall, H. Tracy
Martinez-Rivera, Xavier
Shader, Bryan
van den Driessche, Pauline
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Hogben, Leslie
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Electrical and Computer Engineering

The Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering (ECpE) contains two focuses. The focus on Electrical Engineering teaches students in the fields of control systems, electromagnetics and non-destructive evaluation, microelectronics, electric power & energy systems, and the like. The Computer Engineering focus teaches in the fields of software systems, embedded systems, networking, information security, computer architecture, etc.

The Department of Electrical Engineering was formed in 1909 from the division of the Department of Physics and Electrical Engineering. In 1985 its name changed to Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Engineering. In 1995 it became the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering.

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  • Department of Electrical Engineering (1909-1985)
  • Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Engineering (1985-1995)

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The enhanced principal rank characteristic sequence (epr-sequence) of an n x n matrix is a sequence l(1) l(2) . . .l(n), where each l(k) is A, S, or N according as all, some, or none of its principal minors of order k are nonzero. There has been substantial work on epr-sequences of symmetric matrices (especially real symmetric matrices) and real skew-symmetric matrices, and incidental remarks have been made about results extending (or not extending) to (complex) Hermitian matrices. A systematic study of epr-sequences of Hermitian matrices is undertaken; the differences with the case of symmetric matrices are quite striking. Various results are established regarding the attainability by Hermitian matrices of epr-sequences that contain two Ns with a gap in between. Hermitian adjacency matrices of mixed graphs that begin with N A N are characterized. All attainable epr-sequences of Hermitian matrices of orders 2, 3, 4, and 5, are listed with justifications.


This article is published as Butler, Steve, Minerva Catral, H. Tracy Hall, Leslie Hogben, Xavier Martinez-Rivera, Bryan Shader, and Pauline Van Den Driessche. "The enhanced principal rank characteristic sequence for Hermitian matrices." The Electronic Journal of Linear Algebra 32 (2017): 58-75. DOI: 10.13001/1081-3810.3249. Posted with permission.

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