The Effect of Shoe Forefoot Stiffness On The Windlass Mechanism In Running

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Sterner, Eric
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Timothy R. Derrick
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The Department of Kinesiology seeks to provide an ample knowledge of physical activity and active living to students both within and outside of the program; by providing knowledge of the role of movement and physical activity throughout the lifespan, it seeks to improve the lives of all members of the community. Its options for students enrolled in the department include: Athletic Training; Community and Public Health; Exercise Sciences; Pre-Health Professions; and Physical Education Teacher Licensure. The Department of Physical Education was founded in 1974 from the merger of the Department of Physical Education for Men and the Department of Physical Education for Women. In 1981 its name changed to the Department of Physical Education and Leisure Studies. In 1993 its name changed to the Department of Health and Human Performance. In 2007 its name changed to the Department of Kinesiology. Dates of Existence: 1974-present. Historical Names: Department of Physical Education (1974-1981), Department of Physical Education and Leisure Studies (1981-1993), Department of Health and Human Performance (1993-2007). Related Units: College of Human Sciences (parent college), College of Education (parent college, 1974 - 2005), Department of Physical Education for Women (predecessor) Department of Physical Education for Men
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Research evaluating the effects of running footwear on gait has deduced foot motion from upper and sole movement of footwear. The aim of the present study was to evaluate a technique that allows for direct assessment of the medial longitudinal arch (MLA) in running. A secondary purpose was to evaluate the effect of increased bending stiffness of footwear on the MLA during running. Using a unique marker set, a multi-segment foot model was created to analyze dorsiflexion of the first metatarsal, navicular displacement, rearfoot motion, and tibial rotation. Virtual markers were created based on the movement of these foot segments. Two different pairs of running shoes (flexible, stiff) were evaluated. 13 participants ran barefoot, and in both shoe conditions. The mean difference between actual and virtual markers created was 0.69 mm. Independent t-tests determined first metatarsal dorsiflexion was restricted in the stiff condition compared to the flexible (p < 0.05) with an effect size of 0.36. The study provides a useful method of assessing foot motion while wearing footwear, and indicates that stiffer shoes restrict foot motion.

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Sat Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2011