Stability analysis of non-holonomic inverted pendulum system

Maity, Sayani
Major Professor
Greg R Luecke
Committee Member
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Mechanical Engineering
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Mechanical Engineering

The inverted pendulum is doubtlessly one of the most famous control problems found in most control text books and laboratories worldwide. This popularity comes from the fact that the inverted pendulum exhibits nonlinear, unstable and non-minimum phase dynamics. The basic control objective of the study is to design a controller in order to maintain the upright position of the pendulum while also controlling the position of the cart. In our study we explored the relationship that the tuning parameters (weight on the position of the car and the angle that the pendulum makes with the vertical) of a classical inverted pendulum on a cart has on the pole placement and hence on the stability of the system. We then present a family of curves showing the local root-locus and develop relationships between the weight changes and the system performance. We describe how these locus trends provide insight that is useful to the control designer during the effort to optimize the system performance. Finally, we use our general results to design an effective feedback controller for a new system with a longer pendulum, and present experiment results that demonstrate the effectiveness of our analysis. We then designed a simulation-based study to determine the stability characteristics of a holonomic inverted pendulum system. Here we decoupled the system using geometry as two independent one dimensional inverted pendulum and observed that the system can be stabilized using this method successfully with and without noise added to the system. Next, we designed a linear system for the highly complex inverted pendulum on a non-holonomic cart system. Overall, the findings will provide valuable input to the controller designers for a wide range of applications including tuning of the controller parameters to design of a linear controller for nonlinear systems.