Multi-trait Genomic Selection Methods for Crop Improvement

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Moeinizade, Saba
Kusmec, Aaron
Schnable, Patrick
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Oxford University Press
Hu, Guiping
Affiliate Associate Professor
Wang, Lizhi
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Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering
The Department of Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering teaches the design, analysis, and improvement of the systems and processes in manufacturing, consulting, and service industries by application of the principles of engineering. The Department of General Engineering was formed in 1929. In 1956 its name changed to Department of Industrial Engineering. In 1989 its name changed to the Department of Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering.
Organizational Unit

The Department of Agronomy seeks to teach the study of the farm-field, its crops, and its science and management. It originally consisted of three sub-departments to do this: Soils, Farm-Crops, and Agricultural Engineering (which became its own department in 1907). Today, the department teaches crop sciences and breeding, soil sciences, meteorology, agroecology, and biotechnology.

The Department of Agronomy was formed in 1902. From 1917 to 1935 it was known as the Department of Farm Crops and Soils.

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  • Department of Farm Crops and Soils (1917–1935)

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Plant breeders make selection decisions based on multiple traits, such as yield, plant height, flowering time, and disease resistance. A commonly used approach in multi-trait genomic selection is index selection, which assigns weights to different traits relative to their economic importance. However, classical index selection only optimizes genetic gain in the next generation, requires some experimentation to find weights that lead to desired outcomes, and has difficulty optimizing nonlinear breeding objectives. Multi-objective optimization has also been used to identify the Pareto frontier of selection decisions, which represents different trade-offs across multiple traits. We propose a new approach, which maximizes certain traits while keeping others within desirable ranges. Optimal selection decisions are made using a new version of the look-ahead selection (LAS) algorithm, which was recently proposed for single-trait genomic selection, and achieved superior performance with respect to other state-of-the-art selection methods. To demonstrate the effectiveness of the new method, a case study is developed using a realistic data set where our method is compared with conventional index selection. Results suggest that the multi-trait LAS is more effective at balancing multiple traits compared with index selection.
This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced version of an article accepted for publication in Genetics following peer review. The version of record: Moeinizade, Saba, Aaron Kusmec, Guiping Hu, Lizhi Wang, and Patrick S. Schnable. "Multi-trait genomic selection methods for crop improvement." Genetics 215, no. 4 (2020): 931-945 is available online at DOI: 10.1534/genetics.120.303305. Copyright 2020 by the Genetics Society of America. Posted with permission.