Context-Sensitive Control Flow Graph

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2004-01-01
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Ng, Jim-Carl
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Electrical and Computer Engineering

The Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering (ECpE) contains two focuses. The focus on Electrical Engineering teaches students in the fields of control systems, electromagnetics and non-destructive evaluation, microelectronics, electric power & energy systems, and the like. The Computer Engineering focus teaches in the fields of software systems, embedded systems, networking, information security, computer architecture, etc.

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The Department of Electrical Engineering was formed in 1909 from the division of the Department of Physics and Electrical Engineering. In 1985 its name changed to Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Engineering. In 1995 it became the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering.

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1909-present

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  • Department of Electrical Engineering (1909-1985)
  • Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Engineering (1985-1995)

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Control Flow Graph (CFG) is known to be essential in compiler optimizations and quite useful in program comprehension. But visualizing and understanding CFG is hard because the CFG is often too large. The problem becomes harder if one were to understand inter-procedural CFG. Often the user wants to understand specific aspects of the CFG; hence, omitting parts of CFG irrelevant to the user's current interest becomes a desirable approach in working with CFG. We formalize an approach of constructing and visualizing CFG that takes users' interests into account. Users have to specify the program artifacts that are of interest to them, then we define the Context-Sensitive CFG that is relevant to the artifacts. The Context-Sensitive CFG is much smaller in size. The actual compression depends on the context and its spread in the given code. We show some results using the XINU operating system code as the test case. While the Context-Sensitive CFG captures only the relevant details, it could still be of substantial size and complexity. We propose query capability as a next step to help the user by extracting details related to a specific question. For example, the user can apply a query to check if there is an execution path in the CFG along which there is a missing memory deallocation and thus a possible memory leak. This thesis only implements queries that operate solely within the scope of a method (intra-procedural). We have built a proof-of-concept tool that allows the user to visualize Context-Sensitive CFG and make queries.

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Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2004