Interrelationships between nematicity, antiferromagnetic spin fluctuations, and superconductivity: Role of hotspots in FeSe1-xSx revealed by high pressure 77Se NMR study

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Rana, K.
Ambika, D. V.
Bud'ko, S. L.
Böhmer, A. E.
Furukawa, Y.
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Iowa State University Digital Repository, Ames IA (United States)
Canfield, Paul
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The sulfur-substituted FeSe, FeSe1-xSx, is one of the unique systems that provides an independent tunability of nematicity, antiferromagnetism, and superconductivity under pressure (p). Recently, Rana et al. [K. Rana et al., Phys. Rev. B 101, 180503(R) (2020)] reported, from 77Se nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) measure-ments on FeSe0.91S0.09 under pressure, that there exists a clear role of nematicity in the relationship between antiferromagnetic (AFM) spin fluctuations and the superconducting transition temperature (Tc), where the AFM spin fluctuations are more effective in enhancing Tc in the absence of nematicity than with nematicity. Motivated by the work, we carried out 77Se NMR measurements on FeSe1-xSx with x = 0.15 and 0.29 under pressure up to 2.10 GPa to investigate the relationship in a wide range of x in the FeSe1-xSx system. Based on the new results together with the previously reported data for x = 0 [P. Wiecki et al., Phys. Rev. B 96, 180502(R) (2017)] and 0.09 [K. Rana et al. Phys. Rev. B 101, 180503(R) (2020)], we established a p-x-temperature (T ) phase diagram exhibiting the evolution of AFM spin fluctuations. From the systematic analysis of the NMR data, we found that the superconducting (SC) state in a nematic state arises from a non-Fermi-liquid state with strong stripe-type AFM spin fluctuations, while the SC state without nematicity comes from a Fermi-liquid state with mild stripe-type AFM spin fluctuations. Furthermore, we show that the previously reported impact of nematicity on the relationship between AFM fluctuations and superconductivity holds throughout the wide range of x from x = 0 to 0.29 in FeSe1-xSx under pressure. We discuss the origin of the role of nematicity in terms of the different numbers of hotspots on Fermi surfaces with and without nematicity.
This article is published as Rana, K., D. V. Ambika, S. L. Bud'ko, A. E. Böhmer, P. C. Canfield, and Y. Furukawa. "Interrelationships between nematicity, antiferromagnetic spin fluctuations, and superconductivity: Role of hotspots in FeSe 1− x S x revealed by high pressure Se 77 NMR study." Physical Review B 107, no. 13 (2023): 134507. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.107.134507. Copyright 2023 American Physical Society. Posted with permission. DOE Contract Number(s): AC02-07CH11358
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