Mitigating Odors from Agricultural Facilities: A Review of Literature Concerning Biofilters

dc.contributor.author Chen, Lide
dc.contributor.author Hoff, Steven
dc.contributor.author Hoff, Steven
dc.contributor.department Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering
dc.date 2018-02-13T10:14:51.000
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-29T22:39:04Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-29T22:39:04Z
dc.date.copyright Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2009
dc.date.embargo 2013-04-30
dc.date.issued 2009-01-01
dc.description.abstract <p>This article reviews literature on biofilter research both in laboratories and at confined livestock facilities. The purpose is to give an up-to-date review of biofilters used to mitigate of odors and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from agricultural facilities using biofilters. More specifically the article addresses: 1) Factors concerned in design and operation of biofilters such as media property, empty bed residence time, media moisture measurement and control, microbial ecology, construction, and operation cost; and 2) Biofilter performance such as odor/VOC reduction efficiency (RE), and air pressure drop. Lab-scale, pilot-scale, and full-scale biofilter studies were reviewed. Biofilter design and odor/VOC REs were summarized in tables for easy reference and for a perspective on the current state of the art. The relationship between the biofilter configuration/operation factors and biofiter performance was discussed. This literature study indicates: 1) Biofilters can be used as an effective technology for reducing odor/VOC emissions from animal facilities (RE up to 99% for odor and up to 86% for 16 odorous VOCs reported); 2) The three most important factors effecting biofilter performance are packing media, media moisture content, and empty bed residence time; 3) Removal efficiency, air pressure drop, and construction/operation cost are three parameters of concern when a biofilter is installed and operated; and 4) Further studies such as developing precise media moisture measurement and control technologies, bacterial structure, and long time full-scale biofilter tests are needed to better understand the biofiltration process and improve biofilter applications for agriculture.</p>
dc.description.comments <p>This article is from <em>Applied Engineering in Agriculture </em>25, no. 5 (2009): <a href="http://elibrary.asabe.org/abstract.asp?aid=28854&t=3&dabs=Y&redir=&redirType=" target="_blank">751–766</a>.</p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/abe_eng_pubs/345/
dc.identifier.articleid 1640
dc.identifier.contextkey 4090385
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath abe_eng_pubs/345
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/1101
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/abe_eng_pubs/345/2009_ChenL_MitigatingOdorsAgricultural.pdf|||Fri Jan 14 23:42:18 UTC 2022
dc.subject.disciplines Agriculture
dc.subject.disciplines Bioresource and Agricultural Engineering
dc.subject.keywords Odor control
dc.subject.keywords Biofilter
dc.subject.keywords Agriculture
dc.title Mitigating Odors from Agricultural Facilities: A Review of Literature Concerning Biofilters
dc.type article
dc.type.genre article
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isAuthorOfPublication 98b46d48-66a2-4458-9b42-8c4aa050664d
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication 8eb24241-0d92-4baf-ae75-08f716d30801
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