Detailed Validation of Numerical Simulations of Air-blast Spray Atomization against Experimental Back-lit Images and Radiographs

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Vu, Lam
Machicoane, Nathanaël
Li, Danyu
Morgan, Timothy
Aliseda, Alberto
Desjardins, Olivier
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Heindel, Theodore
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Mechanical Engineering
The Department of Mechanical Engineering at Iowa State University is where innovation thrives and the impossible is made possible. This is where your passion for problem-solving and hands-on learning can make a real difference in our world. Whether you’re helping improve the environment, creating safer automobiles, or advancing medical technologies, and athletic performance, the Department of Mechanical Engineering gives you the tools and talent to blaze your own trail to an amazing career.
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Chemical and Biological Engineering

The function of the Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering has been to prepare students for the study and application of chemistry in industry. This focus has included preparation for employment in various industries as well as the development, design, and operation of equipment and processes within industry.Through the CBE Department, Iowa State University is nationally recognized for its initiatives in bioinformatics, biomaterials, bioproducts, metabolic/tissue engineering, multiphase computational fluid dynamics, advanced polymeric materials and nanostructured materials.

The Department of Chemical Engineering was founded in 1913 under the Department of Physics and Illuminating Engineering. From 1915 to 1931 it was jointly administered by the Divisions of Industrial Science and Engineering, and from 1931 onward it has been under the Division/College of Engineering. In 1928 it merged with Mining Engineering, and from 1973–1979 it merged with Nuclear Engineering. It became Chemical and Biological Engineering in 2005.

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1913 - present

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  • Department of Chemical Engineering (1913–1928)
  • Department of Chemical and Mining Engineering (1928–1957)
  • Department of Chemical Engineering (1957–1973, 1979–2005)
    • Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering (2005–present)

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Sprays appear in a variety of industrial applications ranging from powder production used in additive manufacturing to fuel nozzles. Air-blast atomization is a specific injection strategy whereby a high-speed gas shears and destabilizes a low-speed liquid which causes a cascade of instabilities leading to the creation of a spray. The flow physics around the nozzle are challenging to quantify and complex. Inside the nozzle, traditional PIV and hot-wire methods cannot be used to measure turbulence and boundary layer growth and at the nozzle exit, radiographs and back-lit images show complex time-varying wetting and contact line dynamics. In this study, we explore different computational strategies to model these flow physics and validate them against equivalent path length data (EPL), a measure of the liquid depth along a line-of-sight. Further downstream, thin liquid structures that fall below the mesh size are prone to numerical break-up and as a consequence, we employ a thin-film model to improve agreement. We make use of a multi-block simulation strategy to address the multi-scale nature of atomization. Finally, using these models, we make direct comparisons of quantities such as the liquid intact length.


This conference proceeding is published as Vu, Lam, Nathanaël Machicoane, Danyu Li, Timothy Morgan, Theodore J. Heindel, Alberto Aliseda, and Olivier Desjardins. "Detailed Validation of Numerical Simulations of Air-blast Spray Atomization against Experimental Back-lit Images and Radiographs." 15th Triennial International Conference on Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems (ICLASS 2021), August 29-September 2, 2021. Posted with permission.

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Fri Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2021