Numerical Investigation of Bio-Inspired Blade Designs at High Reynolds Numbers for Ultra-Quiet Aircraft and Wind Turbines

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2017-01-01
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Bodling, Andrew
Agrawal, Bharat
Clark, Ian
Alexander, W. Nathan
Devenport, William
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Sharma, Anupam
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Aerospace Engineering

The Department of Aerospace Engineering seeks to instruct the design, analysis, testing, and operation of vehicles which operate in air, water, or space, including studies of aerodynamics, structure mechanics, propulsion, and the like.

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The Department of Aerospace Engineering was organized as the Department of Aeronautical Engineering in 1942. Its name was changed to the Department of Aerospace Engineering in 1961. In 1990, the department absorbed the Department of Engineering Science and Mechanics and became the Department of Aerospace Engineering and Engineering Mechanics. In 2003 the name was changed back to the Department of Aerospace Engineering.

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1942-present

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  • Department of Aerospace Engineering and Engineering Mechanics (1990-2003)

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Abstract

This paper presents numerical analysis of an airfoil geometry inspired by the down coat of the night owl. The objective is to understand the mechanisms of airfoil trailing edge noise reduction that has been observed with such designs in previous experiments. The NACA 0012 airfoil is selected as the baseline airfoil. The bioinspired geometry consists of an array of “finlets” that are applied near the trailing edge of the baseline airfoil and are aligned with the flow direction. Wall-resolved large eddy simulations (LES) are performed over the baseline and the bioinspired airfoil geometries and the aerodynamic and aeroacoustic performance of the two geometries are contrasted. Both models are simulated at chordbased Reynolds number Rec = 5 × 105 , flow Mach number, M∞ = 0.2, and angle of attack, α = 0◦ . The simulations are tripped in order to compare with experiments that are at much higher Rec (of the order of 2 M). Tripping is achieved using a geometry-resolved trip wire, placed at x/c = 0.05 from the airfoil leading edge. Comparisons with experimental data show good agreement for aerodynamic pressure coefficient (Cp) distribution for the baseline airfoil. Skin friction coefficient (Cf ) and Cp distributions are also found to compare well with XFOIL results obtained by similarly tripping the boundary layer. Surface pressure spectra comparisons between the baseline and the bioinspired airfoil near the airfoil trailing edge show reductions with the finlets of the order of 3 dB at high frequencies. Two hypotheses of noise reduction mechanisms are investigated: (1) reduction in spanwise correlation length, and (2) increase in source-’scattering edge’ separation distance. The simulations show insignificant difference in spanwise coherence between the two geometries, but clearly show that the finlets lift turbulence eddies away from the airfoil trailing edge hence reducing scattering efficiency.

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This is a manuscript of a proceeding published as Andrew Bodling, Bharat R. Agrawal, Anupam Sharma, Ian Clark, William N. Alexander, and William J. Devenport. (2017) "Numerical Investigation of Bio-Inspired Blade Designs at High Reynolds Numbers for Ultra-Quiet Aircraft and Wind Turbines", 23rd AIAA/CEAS Aeroacoustics Conference, AIAA AVIATION Forum, (AIAA 2017-3502). DOI: 10.2514/6.2017-3502. Posted with permission.

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Sun Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2017