Nonperturbative-transverse-momentum effects and evolution in dihadron and direct photon-hadron angular correlations in p plus p collisions at root s=510 GeV
Dihadron and isolated direct photon-hadron angular correlations are measured in p + p collisions at root s = 510 GeV. Correlations of charged hadrons of 0.7 < p(T) < 10 GeV/c with pi(0) mesons of 4 < p(T) < 15 GeV/c or isolated direct photons of 7 < p(T) < 15 GeV/c are used to study nonperturbative effects generated by initial-state partonic transverse momentum and final-state transverse momentum from fragmentation. The nonperturbative behavior is characterized by measuring the out-of-plane transverse momentum component p(out) perpendicular to the axis of the trigger particle, which is the high-p(T) direct photon or pi(0). Nonperturbative evolution effects are extracted from Gaussian fits to the away-side inclusive-charged-hadron yields for different trigger-particle transverse momenta (p(T)(trig)). The Gaussian widths and root mean square of p(out) are reported as a function of the interaction hard scale p(T)(trig) to investigate possible transverse-momentum-dependent evolution differences between the pi(0)-h(+/-) and direct photon-h(+/-) correlations and factorization breaking effects. The widths are found to decrease with p(T)(trig) , which indicates that the Collins-Soper-Sterman soft factor is not driving the evolution with the hard scale in nearly back-to-back dihadron and direct photon-hadron production in p + p collisions. This behavior is in contrast to Drell-Yan and semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering measurements.
This is an article from Physical Review D 95 (2017): 072002-1, doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.95.072002. Posted with permission.