Integration of lifetime-balancing schemes in wireless sensor networks

dc.contributor.advisor Wensheng Zhang
dc.contributor.author Bai, Rui
dc.contributor.department Computer Science
dc.date 2018-08-11T07:12:49.000
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-30T03:01:26Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-30T03:01:26Z
dc.date.copyright Fri Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2016
dc.date.embargo 2001-01-01
dc.date.issued 2016-01-01
dc.description.abstract <p>The wireless sensor network (WSN), once deployed, is usually expected to operate for months even years. In the WSN, each individual sensor node is typically equipped with small batteries which offer only a limited amount of energy. Hence, numerous energy-efficiency schemes have been developed for the WSN, aiming to help the WSN to achieve long lifetime under the stringent constraint of energy supply. These energy-efficiency schemes can reduce energy consumption, but they cannot address the issue of unbalanced energy consumption and energy replenishment in the WSN. In practice, different sensor nodes could have different initial energy supplies and/or play different roles in the network; consequently, some nodes may deplete their energy faster than the others. In such cases, the lifetime of the network becomes determined by the energy-bottleneck nodes who deplete their energy the fastest. To address this issue, the ideas of energy-balancing and lifetime-balancing have been proposed and energy-balancing and lifetime-balancing schemes have been developed for the MAC and routing layers of the WSN. However, there have been very few efforts on studying how to apply the idea to multiple layers of the WSN simultaneously and the effectiveness of such an integrated solution. To fill this gap, this thesis presents an integrated design, which includes lifetime-balancing schemes for the application, routing and MAC layers. Specifically, in the application layer where the sensing duty should be assigned to sensor nodes, we present a scheme in which leader nodes coordinate the sensing duty schedule among the sensor nodes based on their estimated nodal lifetime. In the routing layer, the routing metric is calculated based on both nodal lifetime and required end-to-end delay. In the MAC layer, we adopts the LB-MAC protocol, which balances nodal lifetime by adjusting the MAC parameters. Our design has been simulated in Network Simulator 2 (NS2) and compared with other solutions which do not apply lifetime-balancing idea or only applying the idea in some but not all of the three layers. The evaluation results have shown that our integrated design prolongs the network lifetime more effectively. Also, the integrated design achieves better performance in terms of data delivery ratio, end-to-end delay and wasted energy.</p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/etd/15103/
dc.identifier.articleid 6110
dc.identifier.contextkey 8928932
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.31274/etd-180810-4707
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath etd/15103
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/29287
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/etd/15103/Bai_iastate_0097M_15655.pdf|||Fri Jan 14 20:36:01 UTC 2022
dc.subject.disciplines Computer Sciences
dc.subject.keywords Computer Science
dc.title Integration of lifetime-balancing schemes in wireless sensor networks
dc.type article
dc.type.genre thesis
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication f7be4eb9-d1d0-4081-859b-b15cee251456
thesis.degree.discipline Computer Science
thesis.degree.level thesis
thesis.degree.name Master of Science
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