Teaching Contrastive Stress for Varied Speaking Levels

dc.contributor.author Levis, Greta M.
dc.contributor.author Levis, John
dc.contributor.other English
dc.date.accessioned 2021-10-06T20:35:17Z
dc.date.available 2021-10-06T20:35:17Z
dc.date.issued 2020
dc.description.abstract Contrastive stress, in which words or syllables are emphasized to show their relationship to other words or syllables (e.g., It’s not unknown, it’s well-known), calls attention to how spoken lexical information is highlighted to express explicit and implicit comparisons/contrasts. By doing so, it evokes a set of possible referents and then uses pitch and length to select one referent from the group (Cowles et al., 2007). Although contrastive stress is common in conversational and planned speech, L2 English learners at all proficiency levels struggle with it, instead emphasizing repeated words (e.g., It’s not unknown, it’s well-known). Contrastive stress is highly teachable at all levels of instruction and promotes comprehensibility improvement with even modest levels of instruction (Benner, Muller Levis & Levis, 2014; Levis & Muller Levis, 2018; Muller Levis & Levis, 2012). Improvement is evident in controlled and more communicative activities. This teaching tip includes a variety of controlled and communicative activities to teach the production of contrastive stress, including strategies to identify contrasts in written texts, to produce contrasts in asking about and expressing preferences, to express contrasts using simple pictures, and in using contrasts to correct and disagree.
dc.identifier.citation Muller Levis, G., Levis, J. M. (2020). Teaching contrastive stress for varied speaking levels. In O. Kang, S. Staples, K. Yaw, & K. Hirschi (Eds.), Proceedings of the 11th Pronunciation in Second Language Learning and Teaching conference, ISSN 2380-9566, Northern Arizona University, September 2019 (pp. 316– 325). Ames, IA: Iowa State University.
dc.identifier.issn 2380-9566
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/arY4P9Zv
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher Pronunciation in Second Language Learning and Teaching 11
dc.title Teaching Contrastive Stress for Varied Speaking Levels
dc.type Presentation
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isAuthorOfPublication 10c733ef-ffdc-4088-8d42-3cfee1453fa2
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