A preliminary review of gas-to-particle conversion monitoring and modelling efforts in the USA

dc.contributor.author Baek, Bok-Haeng
dc.contributor.author Koziel, Jacek
dc.contributor.author Aneja, Viney
dc.contributor.author Koziel, Jacek
dc.contributor.department Food Science and Human Nutrition
dc.contributor.department Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering
dc.contributor.department Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering
dc.contributor.department Toxicology
dc.date 2019-10-21T16:39:48.000
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-29T22:44:08Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-29T22:44:08Z
dc.date.copyright Sun Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2006
dc.date.issued 2006-01-01
dc.description.abstract <p>Ammonia and inorganic acid gases emitted from livestock and poultry operations, manure treatment, handling and application can affect air quality by the formation of secondary fine particles. The process of gas-to-particle conversion (GTPC) of relatively short-lived gaseous ammonia to more persistent fine particles can affect local and regional air quality far away from the agricultural sources. This study focused on understanding the phenomenon and related problems of the GTPC process between ammonia, acid gases and fine particles in the atmosphere. We discuss the knowledge of PM measurement technologies with their uncertainties and introduce the most recent aerosol models available developed to simulate the equilibrium partitioning of inorganic compounds between the gas and aerosol phases. We discuss the development and evaluate progress on ambient PM research using 3D air quality models and demonstrate the importance of the GTPC process concerning the contribution of ammonia on fine PM formation in agricultural areas.</p>
dc.description.comments <p>This is a manuscript of an article published as Baek, B.H., J.A. Koziel, and V.P. Aneja. "A preliminary review of gas-to-particle conversion monitoring and modelling efforts in the USA." <em>International Journal of Global Environmental Issues</em> 6, nos. 2/3 (2006): 204-230. DOI: <a href="https://dx.doi.org/10.1504/IJGENVI.2006.010155" target="_blank">10.1504/IJGENVI.2006.010155</a>. Posted with permission. </p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/abe_eng_pubs/973/
dc.identifier.articleid 2258
dc.identifier.contextkey 13280968
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath abe_eng_pubs/973
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/1794
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/abe_eng_pubs/973/2006_Koziel_PreliminaryReview.pdf|||Sat Jan 15 02:37:02 UTC 2022
dc.source.uri 10.1504/IJGENVI.2006.010155
dc.subject.keywords Gas-to-particle Conversion
dc.subject.keywords GTPC
dc.subject.keywords ammonia
dc.subject.keywords sulfuric acid
dc.subject.keywords nitric acid
dc.subject.keywords aerosol
dc.subject.keywords fine particle (PM2.5)
dc.subject.keywords particulate matter (PM)
dc.subject.keywords aerosol models
dc.title A preliminary review of gas-to-particle conversion monitoring and modelling efforts in the USA
dc.type article
dc.type.genre article
dspace.entity.type Publication
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