Gene Flow in Populations of the Seven-Spotted Lady Beetle, Coccinella septempunctata

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1992
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Krafsur, E. S.
Obrycki, J. J.
Flanders, R. V.
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Krafsur, Elliot
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Entomology

The Department of Entomology seeks to teach the study of insects, their life-cycles, and the practicalities in dealing with them, for use in the fields of business, industry, education, and public health. The study of entomology can be applied towards evolution and ecological sciences, and insects’ relationships with other organisms & humans, or towards an agricultural or horticultural focus, focusing more on pest-control and management.

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The Department of Entomology was founded in 1975 as a result of the division of the Department of Zoology and Entomology.

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Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis was used to reveal gene diversity in exotic North American Coccinella Septempunctata populations. This lady beetle recently spread across the northern Nearctic. Sixteen of 28 putative loci were polymorphic; average gene diversity for all loci was 0.1598 ± 0.041. Gene frequencies were estimated at eight polymorphic loci in natural North American beetles from Arkansas, Delaware, lowa, Kansas, New York, Oregon, and Michigan. Also studied were F2 beetles from four laboratory colonies that originated in Eurasia, along with field-collected beetles from France, Greece, and Sicily. Gene diversity among the Nearctic beetles was as great as that among the Palearctic beetles. Analysis of variance by Wright's method showed that only 29% of the variance in gene frequencies was between USDA cultures, Palearctic, and Nearctic beetles; 71% of the genetic variance was shared by beetles within the 21 subpopulations. No evidence of bottlenecks of drift was detected among the Nearctic subpopulations, and gene flow was essentially unrestricted.

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This article is from Journal of Heredity 83 (1992): 440.

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