Variety Trial and Pyrolysis Potential on Kenaf Grown in Iowa

dc.contributor.author Bourguignon, Marie
dc.contributor.author Moore, Ken
dc.contributor.author Brown, Robert
dc.contributor.author Bourguignon, Marie
dc.contributor.author Hintz, Roger
dc.contributor.author Baldwin, Brian
dc.contributor.department Agronomy
dc.contributor.department Bioeconomy Institute
dc.date 2018-02-18T13:41:09.000
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-29T23:02:21Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-29T23:02:21Z
dc.date.copyright Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2015
dc.date.embargo 2017-06-12
dc.date.issued 2015-01-01
dc.description.abstract <p>Kenaf (<em>Hibiscus cannabinus</em> L.) is a warm-season, herbaceous plant mostly used as a fiber-crop in the textile and pulp industry, but also has potential for lignocellulosic bioenergy. Midwest studies on growth and use of kenaf have been scant; however, kenaf may have potential as an alternative crop for Iowa and the Midwest. Seven kenaf varieties were grown in Boone County, IA between 2004 and 2007 and evaluated for their production potential in the Midwest. More specifically, our questions were: 1) how do kenaf varieties perform in Iowa for yield?, 2) how does fiber morphology and quality differ among varieties and among core and bast fiber?, and 3) what potential does kenaf (bast and core) have for producing fuel using fast pyrolysis? The results show that Tainung 2 was the most productive variety in Central Iowa over multiple years. With regards to its chemical composition, bast kenaf had 8% more cellulose and 23% less hemicellulose than the core but it varied among varieties. Also, regardless of variety, core had in average more 40% lignin than bast. In general, core components were sensitive to climate conditions (year) whereas bast components were more affected by genetic variability for fiber composition. Similar to the plant morphology, the chemical composition determined by micro-pyrolysis showed that there are significant differences among varieties and between bast and core fiber. Overall, Tainung 2 would be the most promising cultivar for Central Iowa and could be grown to diversify Iowa agriculture and provide alternative feedstock to the biofuel industry.</p>
dc.description.comments <p>This is a poster from ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting, Minneapolis, MN, November 15-18, 2015. Posted with permission.</p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/agron_conf/54/
dc.identifier.articleid 1055
dc.identifier.contextkey 10282998
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath agron_conf/54
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/4395
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/agron_conf/54/2015_Bourguignon_VarietyTrial.pdf|||Sat Jan 15 00:53:11 UTC 2022
dc.subject.disciplines Agricultural Economics
dc.subject.disciplines Agricultural Science
dc.subject.disciplines Agronomy and Crop Sciences
dc.subject.disciplines Plant Breeding and Genetics
dc.title Variety Trial and Pyrolysis Potential on Kenaf Grown in Iowa
dc.type article
dc.type.genre poster
dspace.entity.type Publication
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relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication cd7a5a33-613e-42b7-951e-0426c9602015
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