Handedness during feeding in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) at Chimfunshi Wildlife Orphanage, Zambia

dc.contributor.advisor Jill D. Pruetz
dc.contributor.author Brandenburg, Marguerite
dc.contributor.department Anthropology
dc.date 2018-07-24T08:15:52.000
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-30T02:48:07Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-30T02:48:07Z
dc.date.copyright Tue Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2013
dc.date.embargo 2015-07-30
dc.date.issued 2013-01-01
dc.description.abstract <p>Humans are considered unique in their extreme population-level right handedness, seen in no other species to date. Certain behavioral asymmetries have been shown in other animals, especially in nonhuman primates, and these asymmetries are suspected to be closely tied to anatomical asymmetries in the brain and possibly correlated with language and complex thought. Studies of primate hand preference have searched for evidence of population-level handedness for certain tasks as a proxy for brain asymmetries and their potential intellectual correlates. My study examines the hand preference during feeding of 34 chimpanzees living at the Chimpanzee Project Area (CPA) at Chimfunshi Wildlife Orphanage in Zambia. Results indicate that 30 of the 34 subjects exhibit a significant hand preference for unimanual feeding, refuting the commonly held conception that less complex, everyday tasks will not be lateralized. Additionally, data indicate that age, sex, and the presence of family members at the sanctuary all have some effect on the handedness of the subject, though the direction of this effect could not be determined. While many of the chimpanzees at the CPA have diverse and unique backgrounds before entering the sanctuary, this did not appear to have an effect on the handedness of the subject, though a number of unique individuals and potentially influential factors had to be excluded from analyses. Additionally, I suggest standardizing and correcting methodological inconsistencies in studies of handedness by using statistical methods more appropriate to the type of data gathered in such studies. Finally, I review current findings in the field of primate handedness and revisit the significance of such findings in light of the current study.</p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/etd/13210/
dc.identifier.articleid 4217
dc.identifier.contextkey 4250868
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath etd/13210
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/27399
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/etd/13210/Brandenburg_iastate_0097M_13547.pdf|||Fri Jan 14 19:47:28 UTC 2022
dc.subject.disciplines Biological and Physical Anthropology
dc.subject.disciplines Social and Behavioral Sciences
dc.subject.keywords Chimfunshi
dc.subject.keywords chimpanzee
dc.subject.keywords handedness
dc.subject.keywords lateralization
dc.title Handedness during feeding in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) at Chimfunshi Wildlife Orphanage, Zambia
dc.type article
dc.type.genre thesis
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication e5ee3e5c-0f5e-419a-9c67-0406e24ad416
thesis.degree.level thesis
thesis.degree.name Master of Arts
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