Assessing soil phosphorus status under different agronomic land use

dc.contributor.advisor Randy Killorn Henriquez, Carlos
dc.contributor.department Agronomy 2018-08-25T00:44:00.000 2020-07-02T05:47:00Z 2020-07-02T05:47:00Z Tue Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2002 2002-01-01
dc.description.abstract <p>The study of the availability of soil phosphorus (P) to crops has been an important issue for years in different agroecosystems around the world. Because of the complex P cycling in soils this has been studied from different points of view. The study of soil P forms has been seen as a possible way to explain many processes and changes occurring in plant-soil interactions. The purpose of this research was to characterize soil P forms under different land uses and evaluate the relationship between different land use areas and the spatial distribution of soil P forms. The study was carried out in Costa Rica on a Typic Hapludand under coffee plantation (Coffea arabica ), sugar cane plantation (Saccharum spp.), and secondary forest. A modified Hedley soil P fractionation methodology was used for determining the soil P forms. Means of the relative content of P forms were 0.43% labile-Pi, 6.44% NaOH-Pi, 9.20% HCl-Pi, 32.55% extractable organic P and 51.37% residual-P. Inorganic fertilization was correlated with labile-P, NaOH-Pi, and HCl-Pi forms. In the first experiment the sugar cane yields were correlated with labile-Pi and NaOH-Pi. Organic fertilizer increased the extractable organic P suggesting an accumulation in this form. In the second descriptive study a spatial relationship was found with soil management areas. Sugar cane soil accumulated more P in HCl-Pi, extractable organic P, and residual-Pi forms. Coffee soil had the highest values in labile-Pi and NaOH-Pi that were correlated with the higher rate of fertilizer application. Secondary forest had intermediate values between these two cropped areas. The third experiment showed that under greenhouse conditions P uptake was closely related to labile-Pi and NaOH-Pi suggesting also that a sparingly available P form could be related to P uptake by plants in time. Extractable organic P and residual-P were suggested to act as a sink of the available P forms. It is concluded that under a sustainable crop production framework the adequate input of P is necessary in order to maintain the adequate nutrient supply through time.</p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/
dc.identifier.articleid 1516
dc.identifier.contextkey 6074964
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath rtd/517
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/|||Sat Jan 15 00:45:08 UTC 2022
dc.subject.disciplines Agricultural Science
dc.subject.disciplines Agriculture
dc.subject.disciplines Agronomy and Crop Sciences
dc.subject.keywords Agronomy
dc.subject.keywords Soil science (Soil fertility)
dc.subject.keywords Soil fertility
dc.title Assessing soil phosphorus status under different agronomic land use
dc.type article
dc.type.genre dissertation
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication fdd5c06c-bdbe-469c-a38e-51e664fece7a dissertation Doctor of Philosophy
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