A place in the hills: fiscal impact and social analysis of suburbanization in the Loess Hills counties of Iowa

dc.contributor.author Benson, Jeffrey
dc.contributor.department Community and Regional Planning
dc.date 2018-08-22T16:03:28.000
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-30T07:56:00Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-30T07:56:00Z
dc.date.copyright Mon Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2001
dc.date.issued 2001-01-01
dc.description.abstract <p>Rural residential development presents many economic, environmental, fiscal, social and political issues to rural places. This thesis examined development pattern and fiscal and social impact as they relate to residential, non-farm development outside of incorporated towns in the Loess Hills region in seven counties in western Iowa from 1995 through 1999. The first part of this work analyzed the physical pattern and county planning regulations of this development and resulting fiscal impacts. Development was found to have increased rapidly in some areas, with a slight majority of the development located on estate lots outside of subdivisions. Using an average costs method, the direct monetary costs and revenues to county governments associated with this new development were identified. In five of the seven counties the costs exceeded the revenue, but by less than the amount that costs of providing public services to all rural non-farm residences exceeded revenues from all rural non-farm residences. In the two metropolitan counties, revenues exceeded costs by a slight amount. Available capacities of existing infrastructure met much of the need of new development during this period.;Thus, the net fiscal cost may rise as physical development continues, but existing capacities are exhausted. A database from a 1994 survey of rural communities and surrounding areas was used to compare social aspects of rural, non-farm residents with in-town residents and new residents with long term residents. Two measures were used: community attachment and satisfaction with community. In this cross sectional analysis, rural, non-farm residents demonstrated less community attachment and satisfaction than in-town residents. People with more than ten years of residence exhibited more attachment and satisfaction than shorter-term residents. Residents in counties with the fastest rates of development reported less community attachment and satisfaction than residents in more slowly developing counties, although these relationships were not as strong. These findings present opportunities and challenges to local leaders. Although net fiscal costs for rural residential development are less than for urban residential development, future costs can be substantial, but can minimized by planning. Development challenges community social relations but can also strengthen communities.</p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/rtd/16899/
dc.identifier.articleid 17898
dc.identifier.contextkey 7574809
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.31274/rtd-180813-7521
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath rtd/16899
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/70687
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/rtd/16899/ISU_1314981.pdf|||Fri Jan 14 21:07:28 UTC 2022
dc.subject.disciplines Urban, Community and Regional Planning
dc.subject.disciplines Urban Studies and Planning
dc.subject.keywords Community and regional planning
dc.title A place in the hills: fiscal impact and social analysis of suburbanization in the Loess Hills counties of Iowa
dc.type article
dc.type.genre thesis
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication 89cad1dd-0d07-4067-a961-fe0e798c691f
thesis.degree.level thesis
thesis.degree.name Master of Community and Regional Planning
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