The multiplicity of women's role portrayals in magazine advertisements
The purpose of this study is to advance the understanding of how women are portrayed in magazine advertisements by employing interval measurements to the standard content analysis techniques and providing a comparison between the advertisements and actual trends of the female population in the United States. Although this study is a content analysis, the different constructs measured by unipolar, seven-point scales provided a more detailed account of the depiction of women in advertising. The account of the depiction was more detailed because stereotypes are often used as a basis for classification, yet stereotypes fail to measure less dominant features of character portrayal. Significant findings reveal a change in the direction advertising has been moving. Other role portrayal studies have used content analysis as a method for examining the depiction of women in advertising, but these studies failed to create a method for measuring several aspects within an advertisement. This study not only analyzed the most dominant characteristic of the portrayals of women in each advertisement; several characteristics of the advertisement were measured in an attempt to reflect more accurate stereotypes.