Monitoring Sheep and Culicoides Midges in Montana for Evidence of Bunyamwera Serogroup Virus Infection

dc.contributor.author Johnson, Gregory
dc.contributor.author Plummer, Paul
dc.contributor.author Bahnson, Charlie
dc.contributor.author Ishii, Patricia
dc.contributor.author Cochrane, Zachary
dc.contributor.author Hokit, D. Grant
dc.contributor.author Plummer, Paul
dc.contributor.author Bartholomay, Lyric
dc.contributor.author Blitvich, Bradley
dc.contributor.department Veterinary Microbiology and Preventive Medicine
dc.contributor.department Entomology
dc.contributor.department Veterinary Diagnostic and Production Animal Medicine
dc.date 2018-02-17T10:07:58.000
dc.date.accessioned 2020-07-07T05:13:24Z
dc.date.available 2020-07-07T05:13:24Z
dc.date.copyright Wed Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2014
dc.date.issued 2014-11-01
dc.description.abstract <p>A serological and entomological investigation was performed to monitor for potential Bunyamwera (BUN) serogroup virus activity in Montana. To facilitate the serological investigation, sera were collected from 104 sheep in 2013 and 2014 and assayed by plaque reduction neutralization test using all six BUN serogroup viruses known to occur in the United States: Cache Valley virus (CVV), Lokern virus (LOKV), Main Drain virus (MDV), Northway virus, Potosi virus and Tensaw virus. BUN serogroup virus-specific antibodies were detected in 41 (39%) sheep. Of these, three were seropositive for MDV, one was seropositive for CVV, one was seropositive for LOKV and 36 had antibodies to an undetermined BUN serogroup virus. Additionally, 30,606 Culicoides sonorensis were collected in 2013 using Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) light traps and assayed for cytopathic virus by virus isolation in African Green Monkey kidney (Vero) cells. All midges were negative. Almost one-third of the midges were further tested by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction using BUN serogroup virus-reactive primers and all were negative. We provide evidence of BUN serogroup virus infection in sheep but not C. sonorensis in Montana in 2013-2014. This study also provides the first evidence of CVV, MDV and LOKV activity in Montana.</p>
dc.description.comments <p>This article is from <em>Veterinary Record Open</em> 1 (2014): 71, doi:<a href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/vetreco-2014-000071" target="_blank">10.1136/vetreco-2014-000071</a>. Posted with permission.</p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/vdpam_pubs/42/
dc.identifier.articleid 1035
dc.identifier.contextkey 7987848
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath vdpam_pubs/42
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/92069
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/vdpam_pubs/42/2014_Plummer_MonitoringSheep.pdf|||Sat Jan 15 00:12:23 UTC 2022
dc.source.uri 10.1136/vetreco-2014-000071
dc.subject.disciplines Entomology
dc.subject.disciplines Large or Food Animal and Equine Medicine
dc.subject.disciplines Veterinary Infectious Diseases
dc.subject.disciplines Veterinary Preventive Medicine, Epidemiology, and Public Health
dc.title Monitoring Sheep and Culicoides Midges in Montana for Evidence of Bunyamwera Serogroup Virus Infection
dc.type article
dc.type.genre article
dspace.entity.type Publication
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