Relaxor antiferroelectric ceramics with ultrahigh efficiency for energy storage applications
Enhancing the efficiency in energy storage capacitors minimizes energy dissipation and improves device durability. A new efficiency-enhancement strategy for antiferroelectric ceramics, imposing relaxor characteristics through forming solid solutions with relaxor compounds, is demonstrated in the present work. Using the classic antiferroelectric (Pb0.97La0.02)(Zr1-x-ySnxTiy)O3 as model base compositions, Bi(Zn2/3Nb1/3)O3 is found to be most effective in producing the “relaxor antiferroelectric” behavior and minimizing the electric hysteresis. Specifically, a remarkable energy storage efficiency of 95.6% (with an energy density of 2.19 J/cm3 at 115 kV/cm) is achieved in the solid solution 0.90(Pb0.97La0.02)(Zr0.65Sn0.30Ti0.05)O3–0.10Bi(Zn2/3Nb1/3)O3. The validated new strategy, hence, can guide the design of future relaxor antiferroelectric dielectrics for next generation energy storage capacitors.
This is a manuscript of an article published as Mohapatra, Pratyasha, Zhongming Fan, Jun Cui, and Xiaoli Tan. "Relaxor antiferroelectric ceramics with ultrahigh efficiency for energy storage applications." Journal of the European Ceramic Society (2019). DOI: 10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2019.07.050. Posted with permission.