Medial Longitudinal Arch Deformation during Walking and Stair Navigation While Carrying Loads

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2011-01-01
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Hageman, Elizabeth
Hall, Michelle
Sterner, Eric
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Mirka, Gary
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Kinesiology
The Department of Kinesiology seeks to provide an ample knowledge of physical activity and active living to students both within and outside of the program; by providing knowledge of the role of movement and physical activity throughout the lifespan, it seeks to improve the lives of all members of the community. Its options for students enrolled in the department include: Athletic Training; Community and Public Health; Exercise Sciences; Pre-Health Professions; and Physical Education Teacher Licensure. The Department of Physical Education was founded in 1974 from the merger of the Department of Physical Education for Men and the Department of Physical Education for Women. In 1981 its name changed to the Department of Physical Education and Leisure Studies. In 1993 its name changed to the Department of Health and Human Performance. In 2007 its name changed to the Department of Kinesiology. Dates of Existence: 1974-present. Historical Names: Department of Physical Education (1974-1981), Department of Physical Education and Leisure Studies (1981-1993), Department of Health and Human Performance (1993-2007). Related Units: College of Human Sciences (parent college), College of Education (parent college, 1974 - 2005), Department of Physical Education for Women (predecessor) Department of Physical Education for Men
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Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering
The Department of Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering teaches the design, analysis, and improvement of the systems and processes in manufacturing, consulting, and service industries by application of the principles of engineering. The Department of General Engineering was formed in 1929. In 1956 its name changed to Department of Industrial Engineering. In 1989 its name changed to the Department of Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering.
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Abstract

Background:

Understanding the biomechanics of the medial longitudinal arch (MLA) may provide insights into injury risk and prevention, as well as function of the arch-supporting structures. Our understanding of MLA deformation is currently limited to sit-to-stand, walking, and running.

Material and Methods:

Three-dimensional deformation of the MLA of the right foot was characterized in 17 healthy participants during several simulated activities of daily living. MLA deformation was quantified by both changes in arch length and navicular displacement during the stance phase of three motions: walking, stair ascent, and stair descent. Three levels of load were also evaluated: no load, a front load (13.6 kg), and a backpack load (13.6 kg). Force platforms and an eight-camera motion capture system were used to collect relevant lower extremity kinetic and kinematic data.

Results:

Motion type had a significant (p < 0.05) effect on navicular displacement and arch length elongation with navicular displacement being greatest during stair descent, while the walking and stair descent conditions showed the greatest increase in arch length. External load did not significantly affect either of these two measures (p > 0.05).

Conclusion:

Differences in the MLA deformation variables resulting from varied dynamic activities of daily living can be greater than those during walking and should be considered.

Clinical Relevance:

Detailing the mechanics of the MLA may aid in further understanding injuries associated with the MLA, and the results of the current study indicate that these mechanics change based on activity.

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This is a manuscript of the following article: Hageman ER, M Hall, EG Sterner and GA Mirka (2011) “Medial Longitudinal Arch Deformation during Walking and Stair Navigation while Carrying Loads”, Foot & Ankle International, 32:623-629, (DOI:10.3113/FAI.2011.0623). Copyright © 2011 The Authors. Reprinted by permission of SAGE Publications.

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Sat Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2011
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