Review: Adapting scalar turbulence closure models for rotation and curvature
Scalar, eddy viscosity models are widely used for predicting engineering turbulent flows. System rotation, or streamline curvature, can enhance or reduce the intensity of turbulence. Methods to incorporate the effects of rotation and streamline curvature consist of introducing parametric variation of model coefficients, such that either the growth rate of turbulent energy is altered; or such that the equilibrium solution bifurcates from healthy to decaying solution branches. For general use, parameters must be developed in coordinate invariant forms. Effects of rotation and of curvature can be unified by introducing the convective derivative of the rate of strain eigenvectors as their measure.