A longitudinal evaluation of factors associated with retaining women in science and engineering

dc.contributor.advisor Douglas L. Epperson
dc.contributor.author Gandhi, Christina
dc.contributor.department Psychology
dc.date 2018-08-23T18:56:56.000
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-30T07:21:04Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-30T07:21:04Z
dc.date.copyright Fri Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 1999
dc.date.issued 1999
dc.description.abstract <p>This study investigated the longitudinal effects of a Living Learning Center (LLC) on women studying engineering, science, and Mathematics; The intervention was designed to decrease social isolation within women studying traditionally male-dominated career fields. Secondary goals included increasing LLC participants' retention within nontraditional academic majors and enhancing LLC participants' academic performance within nontraditional courses of study. Finally, increasing LLC participants' university retention, overall academic performance, self-efficacy, and college adjustment were tertiary objectives. Based on previous research, it was hypothesized that women participating in the LLC would report less social isolation, greater major and university retention, higher academic performance, and greater self-efficacy and college adjustment than women studying nontraditional majors housed in traditional residence halls. It was further hypothesized that members of the LLC would experience increasing levels of academic performance, adjustment, and retention over the span of their college careers. Finally, demographic and outcome variables were assessed for their predictive power of university and major retention. Three cohorts were studied in the present evaluation that included 149 LLC participants and 207 non-participants. Results of the investigation were mixed;Results suggested that decreasing social isolation within LLC participants was achieved. Although no differences were found between the participant groups in university retention, findings indicated greater nontraditional major retention among LLC participants than non-participants, and participants achieved higher retention percentage rates than non-participants within each cohort for each year of the study. No differences were found in academic performance between the two groups and all respondents attained relatively high academic grades. Overall, both groups indicated high levels of adjustment, self-efficacy, confidence, social support, academic performance, and retention. Also, a number of variables were found helpful in predicting retention at the university and in nontraditional majors;The study's findings suggest that LLCs can be beneficial in facilitating students' acclimation to the college environment, which in turn may increase retention rates. Evidence was not found to support previous research indicating increased academic performance within participants of LLCs. As one of few studies on the effects of LLCs with women in nontraditional academic majors, the current investigation represents a starting point for other such research.</p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/rtd/12451/
dc.identifier.articleid 13450
dc.identifier.contextkey 6804129
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.31274/rtd-180813-13720
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath rtd/12451
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/65821
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/rtd/12451/r_9950087.pdf|||Fri Jan 14 19:21:57 UTC 2022
dc.subject.disciplines Educational Psychology
dc.subject.disciplines Feminist, Gender, and Sexuality Studies
dc.subject.disciplines Science and Mathematics Education
dc.subject.disciplines Social Psychology
dc.subject.disciplines Social Psychology and Interaction
dc.subject.disciplines Student Counseling and Personnel Services
dc.subject.disciplines Women's History
dc.subject.disciplines Women's Studies
dc.subject.keywords Psychology
dc.subject.keywords Psychology (Counseling psychology)
dc.subject.keywords Counseling psychology
dc.title A longitudinal evaluation of factors associated with retaining women in science and engineering
dc.type article
dc.type.genre dissertation
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication 796236b3-85a0-4cde-b154-31da9e94ed42
thesis.degree.level dissertation
thesis.degree.name Doctor of Philosophy
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